EXERCISE AND SPORTS BIOMECHANICS

EXS2ESB

2015

Credit points: 15

Subject outline

This subject introduces you to the core elements of biomechanics. In this subject you will investigate the forces that act on the human body and the effects produced by these forces, to cause motion, in order to understand how the human body interacts with its environment. This subject will introduce you to the key principles underlying human movement, including mechanical descriptions of movement, the internal and external forces which cause movement, the energetics of movement and movement in a fluid medium. You will also discuss the implications of current research that has shaped our understanding of how biomechanical analysis can be used to optimise human performance.

SchoolLa Trobe Rural Health School

Credit points15

Subject Co-ordinatorMichael Kingsley

Available to Study Abroad StudentsYes

Subject year levelYear Level 2 - UG

Exchange StudentsYes

Subject particulars

Subject rules

Prerequisites Must pass HBS1HBB and must be enrolled in one of HBESB, HBES Bachelor of Exercise Science or HZESPB Bachelor of Exercise Science/Master of Exercise Physiology. All other students require Subject Coordinator's approval.

Co-requisitesN/A

Incompatible subjectsN/A

Equivalent subjectsN/A

Special conditionsN/A

Readings

Resource TypeTitleResource RequirementAuthor and YearPublisher
ReadingsBasic Biomechanics.RecommendedHall, S J 20126TH EDN, MCGRAW-HILL, BOSTON.
ReadingsFundamental Biomechanics of Sport and ExerciseRecommendedWatkins, J 2014ROUTLEDGE, OXON
ReadingsSport and exercise biomechanicsRecommendedP. Grimshaw et alTAYLOR & FRANCIS, NEW YORK
ReadingsThe Biomechanics of Sports Techniques.RecommendedHay, JG 1993PRENTICE HALL, ENGLEWOOD CLIFFS, N.J.

Graduate capabilities & intended learning outcomes

01. Describe linear and angular kinematic concepts of human movement and correctly associate these quantities with their appropriate units (SI) of measurement.

Activities:
Lectures delivered on-line and face-to-face: linear kinematics concepts; angular kinematics concepts; uniformly accelerated motion; relationships between angular kinematic variables and linear kinematic variables; application of linear and angular kinematic principles to sport and exercise activities. Practical tasks and scenarios delivered on-line and face-to-face: 2-D video analysis of sprint running, numerical differentiation to determine velocity and acceleration; computer simulation of projectile flight (shot put, javelin)
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)
Creative Problem-solving (Creative Problem-solving)
Teamwork (Teamwork)

02. Describe linear and angular kinetic concepts of human movement and correctly associate these quantities with their appropriate units (SI) of measurement.

Activities:
Lectures delivered on-line and face-to-face: Newton's Laws of Motion, friction, impulse and momentum, collisions, centripetal force; angular analogues of mass, force, momentum and impulse; angular analogues of Newton's Laws of Motion. Practical tasks and scenarios delivered on-line and face-to-face: force platform analysis of vertical jump; numerical integration of acceleration to determine velocity and displacement.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)
Creative Problem-solving (Creative Problem-solving)
Teamwork (Teamwork)

03. Solve systems of forces within the human body.

Activities:
Lectures delivered on-line and face-to-face: torques and lever systems; static equilibrium; centre of gravity and centre of gravity determination in the human body; mechanical principles of stability; Practical tasks and scenarios delivered on-line and face-to-face: Determination of body centre of gravity by reaction board and segmentation methods.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Teamwork (Teamwork)
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)
Creative Problem-solving (Creative Problem-solving)

04. Describe mechanical energy and power concepts of human movement and correctly associate these quantities with their appropriate units (SI) of measurement.

Activities:
Lectures delivered on-line and face-to-face: define concepts of work, energy and power and describe the relationships between mechanical and metabolic energy expenditure. Practical tasks and scenarios delivered on-line and face-to-face: measure power output on a bicycle ergometer, during a stair climb and during a vertical jump.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Creative Problem-solving (Creative Problem-solving)
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)
Teamwork (Teamwork)

05. Describe principles of fluid dynamics as they apply to the human body in a fluid medium and to sports projectiles.

Activities:
Lectures delivered on-line and face-to-face: flow characteristics and fluid forces; buoyancy, drag, lift. Practical tasks and scenarios delivered on-line and face-to-face: computer simulation of projectile flight (shot put, javelin).
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Teamwork (Teamwork)
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)
Creative Problem-solving (Creative Problem-solving)

06. Demonstrate an ability to use available instruments for measuring kinematic and kinetic quantities and to solve problems related to these biomechanical concepts.

Activities:
Practical tasks delivered on-line and face-to-face: activities as described in SILOs 1-5.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Creative Problem-solving (Creative Problem-solving)
Teamwork (Teamwork)
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)

07. Demonstrate the application of biomechanics principles to the optimisation of human performance.

Activities:
Lecture tasks delivered on-line and face-to-face: evaluation of experimental research relating to sport and exercise activities. Seminar tasks: working in a team, research a sport or exercise activity and prepare a summary (Wiki) for on-line distribution to other students.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Creative Problem-solving (Creative Problem-solving)
Writing (Writing)
Teamwork (Teamwork)

Subject options

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Start date between: and    Key dates

Bendigo, 2015, Semester 1, Day

Overview

Online enrolmentYes

Maximum enrolment size125

Enrolment information Limited staffing resources. Tables applying quota. Once quota reached, further enrolments will be subject to approval by Subject Coordinator.

Subject Instance Co-ordinatorTimothy Bach

Class requirements

Laboratory Class
One 2.0 hours laboratory class per week and delivered via face-to-face.

Lecture
One 2.0 hours lecture per week and delivered via blended.

Assessments

Assessment elementComments% ILO*
One 1.5-hour theory examination.40 06, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01, 07
One 1500 word assignment.Wiki developed in LMS environment30 07
Six laboratory practical reports (5 marks each) (200 words each)Group submissions30 05, 01, 02, 03, 04, 06

Melbourne, 2015, Semester 1, Day

Overview

Online enrolmentYes

Maximum enrolment sizeN/A

Enrolment information

Subject Instance Co-ordinatorTimothy Bach

Class requirements

Lecture
One 2.0 hours lecture per week and delivered via blended.

Laboratory Class
One 2.0 hours laboratory class per week and delivered via face-to-face.

Assessments

Assessment elementComments% ILO*
One 1.5-hour theory examination.40 06, 05, 04, 03, 02, 01, 07
One 1500 word assignment.Wiki developed in LMS environment30 07
Six laboratory practical reports (5 marks each) (200 words each)Group submissions30 05, 01, 02, 03, 04, 06