Credit points: 15

Subject outline

In this subject students will develop an understanding of the underpinning pathophysiology relating to environmental, toxicological, endocrine and immunological clinical problems. Neurological conditions and clinical emergencies not relating to trauma situations will also be explored. Students will further refine and develop practical skills and theoretical knowledge and apply this to a variety of clinical simulations. Clinical problem solving and decision making will be applied in workshops to assess, plan the management of and monitor patients presenting with conditions relating to the above classified groups.

SchoolLa Trobe Rural Health School

Credit points15

Subject Co-ordinatorNathan Ross

Available to Study Abroad StudentsYes

Subject year levelYear Level 4 - UG/Hons/1st Yr PG

Exchange StudentsYes

Subject particulars

Subject rules



Incompatible subjectsN/A

Equivalent subjectsN/A

Special conditions This subject is only available to students enrolled in Bachelor of Health Sciences and Master of Paramedic Practice.

Learning resources


Resource TypeTitleResource RequirementAuthor and YearPublisher
ReadingsClinical Practice Guidelines for Ambulance and MICA ParamedicsPrescribedAmbulance VictoriaBLUE STAR PRINT, MELBOURNE, VICTORIA, 2012
ReadingsMosby's Paramedic TextbookPrescribedSanders MJELSEVIER MOSBY, ST LOUIS, 3RD ED , 2007

Graduate capabilities & intended learning outcomes

01. Individually, and as part of a team, communicate effectively with patients presenting with a variety of medical conditions. Student will be able to: (a) generate appropriate approaches to, and critically appraise, the effectiveness of patient communication; (b) identify and describe the psychological and physical effect that acute and chronic medical conditions may have on a patient's ability to communicate effectively, and discuss the potential roles paramedics may play in reducing these effects; (c) describe a range of patient interaction strategies and therapeutic communication techniques for conveying information of a distressing or sensitive nature, implement these in various simulated patient scenarios, and critique own and peers' performance.

Scenario and roleplay.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Literacies and Communication Skills (Writing,Speaking)
Literacies and Communication Skills (Writing,Speaking)

02. Student will be able to: (a) provide a rationale for the use of effective systematic patient assessment procedures in patients presenting with specific medical conditions; (b) compare and contrast medical patient assessment techniques with that of trauma patients, and discuss the practical implications of altering clinical approach accordingly; (c) utilise an appropriate technique to conduct a thorough patient history given specific patient presentations, and hypothesise potential diagnoses based on student's findings; (d) where a full systematic patient assessment is impossible, analyse existing information and make inferences based on current theoretical knowledge.

Simulated case studies and scenarios. Whole-of-class studies.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Literacies and Communication Skills (Writing,Speaking)
Literacies and Communication Skills (Writing,Speaking)

03. Student will be able to: (a) describe the pathophysiology of a range of medical conditions and discuss the relationship between pathophysiology and selected patient presentations; (b) evaluate the physiological condition of presenting patients and combine this with given case histories to generate a comprehensive plan; (c) apply a paramedic decision-making process to simulated medical cases, and retrospectively judge the effectiveness of both student's own plans and those of their peers. d) Correctly identify differential diagnoses for patients presenting with specific medical conditions, formulate a treatment plan, and critically analyse its effectiveness following implementation. e) Predict likely patient outcomes based on clinical observations in simulated case studies and scenarios.

Scenarios and written case studies within workbook.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:

04. Student will be able to: (a)discuss importance of patient reassessment and trend recognition for patient presentations, and construct and implement a management plan; (b)identify and explain the need for support service to effectively manage a range of cases, and perform a thorough patient handover to simulated staff; (c) access current practice for use in clinical management and debate applications in simulated situations; (d) provide comprehensive advanced life support to a simulated patient with a condition by effectively integrating technical skills and theoretical knowledge, evaluate and provide peer review; (e) identify relevant policies in relation to consent and refusal of treatment, effectively apply these policies and devise alternative assistance pathways.

Scenarios and written case studies.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Literacies and Communication Skills (Writing,Speaking)

Subject options

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Start date between: and    Key dates

Bendigo, 2016, Semester 1, Day


Online enrolmentYes

Maximum enrolment sizeN/A

Enrolment information

Subject Instance Co-ordinatorNathan Ross

Class requirements

WorkShop Week: 10 - 22
One 3.0 hours workshop per week on weekdays during the day from week 10 to week 22 and delivered via face-to-face.

Lecture Week: 10 - 22
One 1.0 hours lecture per week on weekdays during the day from week 10 to week 22 and delivered via face-to-face.


Assessment elementComments% ILO*
30-min individual practical examinationHurdle requirement: pass in the individual practical examination.35 01, 02, 03, 04
Mini-quiz at the end of each module15 01, 02, 03, 04
one 2-hour written examination50 01, 02, 03, 04