PATHOLOGY OF HEARING LOSS

AUD4PHL

2015

Credit points: 15

Subject outline

Audiologists need a good working knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the structures involved in hearing, and an understanding of the diseased or disordered auditory system. Through lectures and workshops, this subject will provide you with knowledge about the structure and function of the healthy auditory system. Building on this knowledge, you will gain an understanding of common pathologies of the auditory system, resulting from disease or injury, and the impact of those pathologies on a patient's hearing. Your learning in the subject will be assessed through quizzes, exams and oral presentation.

SchoolSchool of Allied Health

Credit points15

Subject Co-ordinatorAndrea Simpson

Available to Study Abroad StudentsYes

Subject year levelYear Level 4 - UG/Hons/1st Yr PG

Exchange StudentsYes

Subject particulars

Subject rules

Prerequisites Must complete 300 credit points in HZHAUD or HZHCAU or be admitted in HMAUD.

Co-requisitesN/A

Incompatible subjectsN/A

Equivalent subjectsN/A

Special conditionsN/A

Readings

Resource TypeTitleResource RequirementAuthor and YearPublisher
ReadingsAn introduction to the physiology of hearing.RecommendedPickles, JO 20124TH EDN, EMERALD GROUP PUBLISHING LIMITED.
ReadingsThe auditory system: anatomy, physiology and clinical correlates.RecommendedMuseik, FE & Baran, JA 2006ALLYN AND BACON.

Graduate capabilities & intended learning outcomes

01. Communicate the structure of the human temporal bone and its relationship to other cranial bones, and the anatomy and physiology of the external ear.

Activities:
1. Lecture and workshop classes: (i) review of basic anatomical and physiological concepts; (ii) the anatomy of the human temporal bone; (iii) the gross anatomy of the peripheral auditory system; (iv) the structure and function of the external ear. Additional information (practice quizzes, websites) provided on the LMS. In-class quiz no. 1 and components of a written examination.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Inquiry/ Research (Inquiry/ Research)
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)

02. Demonstrate an understanding of the structure and function of the healthy middle ear.

Activities:
2. Lecture and workshop classes: (i) structure of the middle ear cleft; (ii) the ossicles and their attachments; (iii) Eustachian tube structure, function and development; (iv) physiology: why did middle ears evolve?; (v) impedance matching mechanisms in the middle ear; (vi) middle ear reflexes. Additional information (animations, practice quizzes, websites) provided on the LMS. In-class quiz no. 2. Components of a written examination.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)
Inquiry/ Research (Inquiry/ Research)

03. Communicate knowledge of the structure and function of the cochlea and eighth nerve.

Activities:
3. Lecture and workshop classes: (i) key anatomical features of the inner ear and auditory nerve; (ii) functional role of the inner ear; (iii) hair cell transduction and the role of resting potentials within the cochlea; (iv) temporal and frequency coding in the cochlea; (v) clinical applications of cochlear physiology. Additional information (animations, practice quizzes, websites) provided on the LMS. In-class quiz no. 3. Components of a written examination.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)
Speaking (Speaking)
Inquiry/ Research (Inquiry/ Research)

04. Communicate knowledge of the structure and function of the central auditory system (CAS).

Activities:
4. Lecture and workshop classes: (i) anatomy of the main structures and pathways of the CAS; (ii) role of the CAS in the processing of sound: frequency, intensity and temporal encoding; (iii) the CAS structures involved in the localisation of a sound in space; (iv) the importance of other brain regions in processing more complex signals such as speech. In-class participation in open discussion of the 'hearing brain' - brain plasticity, the impact of transient conductive hearing loss on the CAS. Components of a written examination.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)
Creative Problem-solving (Creative Problem-solving)
Inquiry/ Research (Inquiry/ Research)

05. Judge the impacts of common pathologies on the structure and function of the ear, and to critique treatment/rehabilitation options.

Activities:
5. Lecture and workshop classes: (i) system used to classify auditory disorders; (ii) common disorders of the external and middle ear; (iii) disorders of the cochlea and auditory nerve; (iv) disorders of the central auditory nervous system; (v) physical symptoms, presentations and audiologic manifestations associated with these disorders, and their impact on a patient's life; (vi) management of ear pathologies. Components of a written examination. An oral presentation on the diagnosis and management of a particular cause of hearing loss, based on small group work and independent research.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Inquiry/ Research (Inquiry/ Research)
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)
Communication (Communication)
Creative Problem-solving (Creative Problem-solving)
Speaking (Speaking)

06. Justify the choice of management options according to the principles to clinical audiology.

Activities:
In-class participation of case studies. Components of a written examination.
Related graduate capabilities and elements:
Communication (Communication)
Speaking (Speaking)
Discipline Specific Competencies (Discipline Specific Competencies)
Creative Problem-solving (Creative Problem-solving)
Inquiry/ Research (Inquiry/ Research)

Subject options

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Start date between: and    Key dates

Melbourne, 2015, Semester 1, Day

Overview

Online enrolmentYes

Maximum enrolment sizeN/A

Enrolment information

Subject Instance Co-ordinatorAndrea Simpson

Class requirements

Tutorial
Four 1.0 hours tutorial every two weeks and delivered via face-to-face.
"Tutorials start in second week of semester"

Lecture
Two 1.0 hours lecture per week and delivered via face-to-face.

Assessments

Assessment elementComments% ILO*
One 2-hour written examination.50 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06
Oral presentation.20 05
Three 15-minute in-class quizzes (multiple choice format).30 01, 02, 03