Non-Passerines

EmuAll birds that are not classed as passerines are lumped together in the same group. Unlike the passerines, there are no distinguishing features of this group, for example some may have two toes forward and two backwards (parrots) or three toes forward (emus).

Until mid-2019, our most notable or well known non-passerine bird was our emu. After a long and contented life within the Wildlife Sanctuary where he was well known and loved by visitors, volunteers and staff, he passed away peacefully from old age. We hope to be able to re-introduce emu's into the Wildlife Sanctuary in the future.

Due to the transient nature of many bird species, the list below is not an exhaustive list of all bird species who utilise the Wildlife Sanctuary. For the latest sightings, we recommend having a look at e-Bird Australia and make sure you upload your sightings as well!

Species status*

R - resident, no known breeding; RB - resident, breeding; T - transient; NR - near resident and regular visitor; X - has occurred but now locally extinct

GREBES
Australasian Grebe, Tachybaptus novaehollandiae (R)Great-crested Grebe, Podiceps cristatus (T)Hoary-headed Grebe, Poliocephalus poliocephalus (T)
PELICANS AND ALLIES
Australian Pelican, Pelecanus conspicillatus (T)Great Cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo (NR)Little Pied CormorantMicrocarbo melanoleucos (NR)
Darter, Anhinga novaehollandiae (NR)Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris (NR)Pied Cormorant, Phalacrocorax varius (NR)
HERONS AND ALLIES
Australasian Bittern, Botaurus poiciloptilus (T)Little Egret, Egretta garzetta (T)Straw-necked Ibis, Threskiornis spinicollis (T)
Cattle Egret, Ardea ibis (T)Royal Spoonbill, Platalea regia (T)White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae (RB)
Intermediate Egret, Ardea intermedia (T)Rufous (Nankeen) Night Heron, Nycticorax caledonicus (R)Yellow-billed Spoonbill, Platalea flavipes (T)
Little Bittern, Ixobrychus minutus (T)Sacred Ibis, Threskiornis molucca (R)-
DUCKS AND ALLIES
Australian Shelduck, Tadorna tadornoides (T)Chestnut TealAnas castanea (RB) Pacific Black Duck, Anas superciliosa (RB)
Australian Shoveler, Anas rhynchotis (T)Grey Teal, Anas gracilis (RB)Pink-eared Duck, Malacorhynchus membranaceus (T)
Australian Wood Duck, Chenonetta jubata (RB)Hardhead, Aythya australis (T)Plumed Whistling-Duck, Dendrocygna eytoni (X)
Black Swan, Cygnus atratus (RB)Musk Duck, Biziura lobata (T)Wandering Whistling-Duck, Dendrocygna arcuata (X)
RAPTORS
Australian Hobby, Falco longipennis (RB)Brown GoshawkAccipiter fasciatus (RB)Wedge-tailed Eagle, Aquila audax (T)
Australian (Nankeen) Kestrel, Falco cenchroides (T)Collared Sparrowhawk, Accipiter cirrhocephalus (T)Whistling Kite, Haliastur sphenurus (T)
Black Falcon, Falco subniger (T)Grey Goshawk, Accipiter novaehollandiae (T)White-bellied Sea-Eagle, Haliaeetus leucogaster (T)
Black-shouldered Kite, Elanus axillaris (T)Little Eagle, Hieraaetus morphnoides (T)-
Brown Falcon, Falco berigora (R)Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus (T)-
QUAILS AND ALLIES
Australian Spotted Crake, Porzana fluminea (T)Dusky MoorhenGallinula tenebrosa (RB)Purple Swamphen, Porphyrio porphyrio (RB)
Baillon's Crake, Porzana pusilla (R)Eurasian CootFulica atra (RB)Painted Button-quail, Turnix varia (T)
Black-tailed Native Hen, Gallinula ventralis (X)Lewin's Rail, Lewinia pectoralis (T)Spotless Crake, Porzana tabuensis (T)
Buff-banded Rail, Gallirallus philippensis (RB)Painted Button-quail, Turnix varia (T)Stubble Quail, Coturnix pectoralis (T)
WADERS AND GULLS
Latham's Snipe, Gallinago hardwickii (T)Pacific Gull, Larus pacificus pacificus (T)Silver Gull, Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae (T)
Masked Lapwing, Vanellus miles (RB)Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Calidris acuminata (T)Whiskered Tern, Chlidonias hybridus (X)
PIGEONS AND DOVES
Common Bronzewing, Phaps chalcoptera (RB)Crested Pigeon, Ocyphaps lophotes (RB)Peaceful Dove, Geopelia striata (X)
COCKATOOS AND PARROTS
Australian King-Parrot, Alisterus scapularis (T)Gang-Gang CockatooCallocephalon fimbriatum (T)Rainbow LorikeetTrichoglossus haematodus (RB)
Blue-winged Parrot, Neophema chrysostoma (X)Little Corella, Cacatua sanguinea (T)Red-rumped ParrotPsephotus haematonotus (RB)
Cockatiel, Nymphicus hollandicus (T)Little Lorikeet, Glossopsitta pusilla (RB)Scaly-breasted Lorikeet, Trichoglossus chlorolepidotus (RB)
Crimson Rosella, Platycercus elegans elegans (T)Long-billed Corella, Cacatua tenuirostris (T)Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, Cacatua galerita (RB)
Eastern Rosella, Platycercus eximius (RB)Musk Lorikeet, Glossopsitta concinna (RB)Swift Parrot, Lathamus discolor (T)
GalahEolophus roseicapilla (RB)Purple-crowned Lorikeet, Glossopsitta porphyrocephala (RB)Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo, Calyptorhynchus funereus (T)
CUCKOOS
Black-eared Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx osculans (T)Horsefield Bronze-Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx basalis (T)Shining Bronze-Cuckoo, Chrysococcyx lucidus (T)
Fan-tailed Cuckoo, Cacomantis flabelliformis (T)Pallid Cuckoo, Cuculus pallidus (T)-
OWLS AND ALLIES
Australian Owlet Nightjar, Aegotheles cristatus (RB)Barn Owl, Tyto javanica (T)Southern Boobook Owl, Ninox novaeseelandiae (T)
Barking Owl, Ninox connivens (T)Powerful Owl, Ninox strenua (T)Tawny Frogmouth, Podargus strigoides (RB)
SWIFTS
Fork-tailed Swift, Apus pacificus (R)White-throated Needletail, Hirundapus caudacutus (T)
KINGFISHERS
Azure Kingfisher, Alcedo azurea (T)Laughing KookaburraDacelo novaeguineae (RB)Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus (T)
Dollarbird, Eurystomus orientalis (X)Rainbow Bee-eater, Merops ornatus (T)-
EMUS
Emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae (X)

*Taken from La Trobe Wildlife Sanctuary Management Plan 2014 by Biosis

Scientific nomenclature is constantly changing! Names were accurate at the time of putting this together. We recommend cross checking names with Atlas of Living Australia.