Nesting boxes

Lorikeet in nesting box

COVID-19 Update

As part of the of the University response to COVID-19, the Wildlife Sanctuary will be closed to the public.

Unfortunately, we are unable to accept plant or nesting box orders during this time. We would like to thank all of our loyal customers for their support and understanding as we have adapted to the changing situation.

As soon as we are able to reopen, we will. We encourage you to check back regularly or follow us on Facebook or Instagram to stay up to date.

In the meantime, you can read more about the University's response here.


Many of our Australian wildlife species rely on tree hollows for roost and nest sites (17% of bird species, 42% of mammals and 28% of reptiles). This includes possums, sugar gliders, parrots, microbats, phascogales and owls.

Natural tree hollows can take upwards of 100 years to form. Land clearing, urbanisation and other human impacts such as fire means that hollows are not as readily available as they once were.

Nesting boxes are artificial hollows that provide habitat to native wildlife. They are useful in providing supplementary habitat, particularly in suburban areas, where older trees are lacking.

Wildlife Sanctuary Boxes

The design of our nesting boxes has been refined over 30 years of using them within the Sanctuary to provide supplementary habitat for native wildlife. This has enabled us to ensure that they have the appropriate features for the target species as well as being easy to install, lightweight, durable and a cost effective solution for our customers.

Our boxes are made out of 12mm CD plywood (FSC certified) and covered with two coats of a non-toxic water-based paint (exterior surfaces only).

Boxes are designed to last up to 10 years depending on various factors including climatic conditions, exposure and the species utilising the box. Some basic maintenance, eg. replacement of hinges/lids or repainting, may increase the lifespan.

We currently have 14 different nesting box designs available. All designs are available as assembled boxes or flatpack kits (all screws, nails and hinges are provided).

Purchasing nesting boxes

We stock the full range of nesting boxes in our Retail Shop. We recommend that you get in touch before making a special visit to check that we have them in stock.

Ringtail possums on nesting boxVisit our Retail Shop:
We are located on the  La Trobe University, Melbourne (Bundoora) campus
Access is via La Trobe Ave (near the roundabout on Main Drive)

Contact us:
T: (03) 9479 1206
E: wildlife@latrobe.edu.au

Opening hours:
Sunday to Friday*, 10am-3pm
*Some public holidays may affect our opening hours.

Our Retail Shop also propagates and sells over 300 species of indigenous plants, perfect for enhancing the biodiversity in your backyard!

Online orders - We are not currently taking online orders

You can also order your nesting box/s online.

We post boxes to customers all over Australia, or you can select to pick up your nesting box in store.

Bulk orders*

  • Over 10 boxes - 5% discount
  • Over 50 boxes - 10% discount

For delivery or postage on bulk orders, please contact us directly for a quote.

**See below for FAQs**

Box typeBox features/ placementCostImage

Microbat

This box is suitable for several species of the smaller microbat (not for its larger cousins – the fruit bat or flying fox).

You are most likely to see these Microbats out and about on a warm night, hunting for insects in your local neighbourhood. They use echolocation (a type of sonar) to locate their prey. To attract Microbats to your garden, consider planting indigenous plants that attract insects. A few plants to consider include members of Callistemon, Hakea, Eucalyptus, and Acacia

Designed to avoid the build up of scats (guano).

Inside of the box has grooves which the Microbats will use like a ladder.

Should be placed in a semi-open area.

Put a Microbat box near your backyard ponds to help control mosquitos!

Assembled $59

Flatpack $48

Microbat nesting box

Brushtail Possum

Brushtail Possums are highly territorial and will generally live a solitary life, except when they come together to mate.

If possums are a problem in your garden, consider locating roses and fruit trees away from large trees and fences (possum access points) and planting a range of indigenous plants to provide an alternative food choice. Remove access branches to stop possums getting into your roof. To ethically remove possums, contact a fee-for-service possum remover.

If possible, place the box in a tree close to other trees and shrubs.

The nesting box does not need to be cleaned out as Brushtail Possums keep their nest clean and tidy.

Due to the insulating qualities of the wood, the box will be cool in summer and warm in winter.

The entrance hole may seem small, but this does not prevent entry by possums and helps to deter predators. Brushtail Possums are used to squeezing into small spaces!

Assembled $77

Flatpack $66

Brushtail possum box

Ringtail Possum

Ringtail Possums nest in small family groups. They feed on the flowers, foliage and fruit of many plants and are extremely adaptable.

Unlike the larger Brushtail Possum, Ringtail Possums rarely enter the roofs of buildings. But they are known to quite happily nest in garage roller doors or dense climbing vegetation adjacent to a house.

If possible, place the box in a tree close to other trees and shrubs.

The nesting box does not need to be cleaned out as Ringtail Possums keep their nest clean and tidy.

The size of this entrance hole will allow Ringtail Possums access, but exclude large Brushtail possums.

Assembled $60

Flatpack $52

Ringtail possum box

Sugar Glider

Sugar Gliders are small possums that occur in densely wooded suburbs, parks and reserves around Melbourne. They have webbing between their front and back paws that allow them to glide between trees – flights over 50m have been recorded! They feed on insects, nectar and tree sap and have been known to prey on juvenile birds.

To attract Sugar Gliders to your garden, consider planting members of Acacia and Eucalyptus which provide shelter and food in the form of nectar and sap.

Position the box in an evergreen tree close to dense foliage and close to other trees and shrubs. Sugar Gliders do not like to be exposed for long periods of time.

The nesting box does not need to be cleaned out as Sugar Gliders keep their nest clean and tidy.

Assembled $67

Flatpack $55

Sugar glider box 

Feathertail Glider

Feathertail Gliders are small, gliding possums that can glide between trees and over open spaces. These gliders tend to live in the outer suburbs of Melbourne where there is good tree cover and a dense understory. They eat a range of foods including insects, nectar from flowers and tree sap.

To attract Feathertail Gliders to your garden, consider planting a range of indigenous plants that flower at different times of the year. The flowers will provide nectar and attract insects for the gliders to eat. Wattle trees provide a good source of food during the winter months.

Position the box in an evergreen tree close to dense foliage and close to other trees and shrubs. Feathertail Gliders do not like to be exposed for long periods of time.

The nesting box does not need to be cleaned out as Feathertail Gliders keep their nest clean and tidy

Assembled $51

Flatpack $44

Feathertail glider box 

Phascogale, Antechinus, Squirrel Glider

These three mammals all have similar nesting requirements so this box will suit multiple species.

Phascogales are a little-known native marsupial. They feed on insects, centipedes and the nectar of box and ironbark eucalypts. To attract Phascogales, consider planting box, ironbark and/or stringybark eucalypts. The also require a dense layer of fallen logs, bark and leaves to hunt their prey.

Antechinus are a shrew-like carnivorous marsupial that live in trees and feed on invertebrates including spiders, beetles, worms and grubs. To attract Antechinus, consider planting insect attracting plants including Callistemon, Hakea and Acacias.

Squirrel Gliders are little known and rarely seen possums. They have webbing between their front and back paws which allow them to glide between trees. To attract Squirrel Gliders consider planting indigenous plants that flower at different times of the year. The flowers will provide nectar and attract insects for them to eat.

Position the box in an evergreen tree close to dense foliage and close to other trees and shrubs. These mammals do not like to be exposed for long periods of time.

The nesting box does not need to be cleaned. These mammals defecate in their box, but it is perfectly normal and should be left like that.

Assembled $63

Flatpack $55

Phascogale, Antechinus, Squirrel glider box 

Pardalote

Pardalotes are small insectivorous birds that breed in long tunnels dug into the earth or in tree hollows.


Pardalotes feed primarily on insects such as thrips, moths, caterpillars, small beetles, spiders and especially lerps, a kind a sap sucking invertebrate. To attract these beautiful birds to your garden, plant a variety of native plants that attract insects, including Acacia, Hakea, Callistemon and Eucalyptus, and allow a decent leaf litter to build up – providing habitat for invertebrates. Small birds love dense and/or spiky shrubs in which they can hide from predators, so consider planting some around your garden.

Included is a bag of potting mix that should be emptied into the bottom of the nest box. Pardalotes build their nests in soil, so it is important to keep the nesting box topped up with material.

Place the box high enough to keep it out of reach of cats

Assembled $52

Flatpack $42

Pardalote box 

Lorikeet, Rosella and Large Parrot

Lorikeets, Rosellas, other small parrots like the Red-rumped Parrot and large parrots such as Cockatoos, Galahs and King Parrots are dependent on tree hollows for breeding. With natural hollows quickly disappearing due to the pressures of urban development, nesting boxes are a great way to protect these native birds.

To attract small parrots to your garden, consider planting plants that produce high amounts of pollen and nectar, especially eucalyptus trees. Parrots are known to follow the flowering seasons of various species – so providing a range of plants that flower in different seasons will encourage them to stick around. Also consider planting native grasses, as some parrot species will feed on the grass seeds.

Parrots are communal and travel in flocks of up to 30 birds. By putting in a number of nesting boxes you can help more than one breeding pair.

The box includes an exotic bird excluder, or baffle,  which prevents invasive species such as Indian Mynahs and Starlings from occupying the box. Native parrots will chew through the excluder to access the box.

Included is a bag of potting mix that should be emptied into the bottom of the nest box. This allows the nest   box to better mimic their natural nesting sites in rotting wood.

A parrot nest box should only need to be cleaned out if a feral species has nested in it. Feral species will fill the box with twigs, feathers and bright coloured rubbish that will   discourage parrots from using the box.

Parrots keep their nest clean and tidy; so there is no need to add or change nesting material once the box is installed.

Place the box high enough to keep it out of reach of cats.

The boxes should be exposed to morning sun to help warm it after cold spring nights.

Lorikeet
(top photo)

Assembled $55

Flatpack $49

Rosella
(bottom photo)

Assembled $64

Flatpack $56

Large Parrot
(bottom photo)

Assembled $81

Flatpack $70

Lorikeet nesting box

Large parrot and Rosella nesting box

Duck

Ducks have lived in and around our waterways for centuries; thriving even in urban areas. Whilst some ducks nest on the ground, others are dependent on tree hollows to protect their young from predators. Our nesting box meets the requirements of a number of duck species, including Wood Ducks, Black Ducks, Chestnut Teals, Grey Teals and even Pink-eared Ducks.

It is quite difficult to attract ducks to your garden unless you have a large body of water that has aquatic plants growing in it. They prefer to feed on young green grass or herbs, aquatic seed and herbaceous aquatic plants

All ducks have different   preferences when it comes to the height of the nesting box or hollow. If you are trying to target a specific species then you may need to find out what is  the optimum height for that species.

Ducks defecate over the edge of the nest opening. So place  your box where there is no human traffic underneath!

A duck nesting box is designed not to attract bees or non-native birds, even if it is vacant. Ducks will evict any unwanted animals from their nest, so they’ll do the policing for you.

Place the box in a tree close to other trees or shrubs.

Ducks will sit on the nest box perch while it is being used for breeding.

Ducks will only use the box during their breeding season (spring).

Assembled $95

Flatpack $82

Duck box 

Kookaburra

The Kookaburra box meets the requirements of two species of kookaburra,  the Laughing Kookaburra and the Blue-winged Kookaburra. These large, loud and cheeky birds add life to any area.

To attract kookaburras to your garden, consider managing your garden for other wildlife. A frog bog or lizard lounge will attract larger prey items such as frogs and lizards. Also consider planting indigenous plants that attract insects, such as Callistemon, Hakea, Eucalyptus, and Acacia.

It is best to place the box in a semi-open position, preferably on an evergreen tree close to other shrubs and trees

Kookaburras will sit on the perch while using the box for breeding.

A Kookaburra nest box does not need to be cleaned out. Young Kookaburras defecate over the edge of the nest opening. So place your box where there is no human traffic underneath!

Kookaburras will evict any unwanted animals out of their nest (including European Bees)

Do not approach occupied boxes and avoid any major disturbances

Kookaburras will only use the box during breeding, from September to January.

Assembled $91

Flatpack $78

 

Owl

Owls travel at night, using their incredible night vision to spot and catch prey such as small mammals, rodents, lizards and invertebrates. Being high on the food chain, owls often have very large home ranges and can travel far in a single night. Several species of owl might use this box, including the Southern Boobook owl, Barn Owl and Owlet Nightjar.

To attract owls to your garden, consider planting a range of native plants that attract other animals, such as rodents and possums. Managing your garden for habitat, by creating a frog bog and/or lizard lounge and allowing a complex litter layer to build up, will attract a wider suite of animals and provide a better pantry for owls.

Owl boxes are best placed as high as possible in the tree. This may mean that you need to engage the services of a properly trained person to install your owl box.

Owls will typically add chips or bark or leaves to their nest, so for this reason so provide you with a bag of potting mix. the owls will add other materials as necessary.

Assembled $102

Flatpack $88

Owl box 

Bug Pad

Unlike their introduced cousins the European Honeybee, most native bee species do not live in a large colony and many of them are stingless. There are around 2000 species of native bees in Australia which play a very important role in pollination of native plantspecies.

To attract bees to your garden, plant a range of flowering species that are indigenous to the local area. Try to choose species with a variety of flower colours and plants that will be flowering at different times of the year.

This box has lots of small spaces for native bees and other insects to make a home

Unlike our other boxes, bug pads can be put pretty much anywhere; even an apartment balcony!

Assembled $38

Flatpack $34

Bug pad

FAQs

How many/what types of boxes should I get?

    There are multiple factors that impact suitable nesting box density and diversity in a given area:

    • Physical structure of the vegetation (height, thickness etc of vegetation)
    • Distance from/availability of food resources
    • Competitors for food and shelter
    • Territorial size/behaviour of the target species
    • Weather/climatic conditions
    • Presence and abundance of predators

    The La Trobe Wildlife Sanctuary can give you some general recommendations about what boxes might be suitable in your area, but keep in mind that we are not experts on all areas of Australia. If you aren’t sure what animals occur in your local area, we suggest that you so some observing of wildlife in your backyard/property and in surrounding areas where there may be better habitat. You can also try contacting your local council or Landcare group, or have a chat to people in your neighbourhood, to see what species you should be targeting.

    Generally, we would recommend that you start with one box per species and then increase the number each season as they (hopefully) breed and increase the population.

    Here are some general rules/things to consider when selecting boxes:

    • Brushtail Possums are highly territorial, so you would only want one box in a regular suburban backyard.
    • Unlike Brushtail possums, Ringtail Possums live in family groups and may use several dreys/nesting sites.
    • Do not put Brushtail and Ringtail Possum boxes in the same tree or very close trees to stop competition.
    • Lorikeet and Rosella boxes should not face each other due to potential competition/aggressive behaviour.
    • Microbats will nest in small colonies and the placement of several boxes may allow multiple species to nest on your property. Individual colonies may also use several roost sites in summer and winter and as a way to minimise infestation of ectoparasites, such as mites.
    • Although we don’t generally recommend putting more than one box in a tree (unless it is a very large tree), you could put a Microbat box (facing south-west) and another box (facing east) in one tree.

How do I install my nesting box?

  • Choose an easily accessible spot away from bright lights.
  • The box should be at least three metres from the ground*.
  • The box should be facing east and be shaded through the hottest part of the day. This is because most cold weather comes from the south.
  • Generally, you should only put one box per tree (see below for some exceptions).
  • Ideally boxes should be installed in a tree, however they can be installed on the side of a house/shed if there are nearby accessible trees (eg. if possums are currently residing in the roof).
  • Once you have decided on a location, set the angle of the backboard and tighten the bolt. To ensure that it is secure hammer the small nail (supplied) through the back of the box into the backboard Each nesting box is provided with 4” galvanised nails and mudguard washers. Thread the nail through the washer and then through the backboard of the nesting box. Nail it firmly to the tree. As the tree grows the box is firmly held into place by the two large mudguard washers.
  • We use nails instead of strapping because over time strapping strangles the tree, causing the tree to drop its limbs or die
  • Animals are naturally curious and will investigate any new objects in their territory. They will soon locate your new nesting box – you won’t be able to hide it from them.

*We recommend having a properly trained person install boxes at height, eg. an arborist or some environmental consultants should be able to do this.

How long will it take for animals to use my new nesting box?

The time it takes for animals to move into your box will depend on what species it is, time of the year and surrounding environment. Wildlife will know that the box is there straight away and will move in when they are ready.

For example, if you are installing a Brushtail Possum box because you are evicting them from your roof, you might find that the box is inhabited very quickly. Whereas, if you put up a Rosella box because you regularly see them feeding in your backyard, it might not be until the next breeding season is over and the fledglings have left home to go and find a site to breed themselves that you get inhabitants.

The best advice we can give is to put up the box and let the animals do their thing in their own time.

My nesting box has bees. How do I get rid of them?

If you spot the first ‘scout’ bees entering a nesting box, you can spray them with a garden hose. You may want to use caution around the entrance hole if you suspect there is native wildlife in residence.

If bees have taken up residence, insect powder on a ‘pest strip’ placed in the hole should eliminate them without any detriment to native wildlife. Make sure you use a non-residue insecticide, usually branded as wasp control, usually with the active chemical being d-Allethrin and/or d-Phenothrin. Do not attempt to collect and eat any of the honey comb, but these non-residual chemicals are safe for animals so you can leave the honeycomb for wildlife such as gliders and possums to eat. Otherwise, you will need to remove the box to clean it out before reinstalling it.

To deter bees in the first place, you can fill the nesting box with fresh gum leaves on installation.

How do I monitor my nesting box?

We regularly get asked about the best cameras to use to monitor nesting boxes or how often you should open the lid to check them. While pictures of wildlife, especially juveniles, curled up in a nesting box are cute, any invasive and regular checking of nesting boxes can be detrimental to the species that you are trying to provide a home for. For example, if you disturb a sitting bird, it may cause her to abandon her nest.

A better way to monitor who is using your nesting box is to look for indirect evidence. Are there scats on the ground or nearby? Can you see any chew marks or scratches around the entrance hole? Has the baffle on a parrot box been chewed away?

If you want direct evidence of nesting box utilisation, you can station yourself near the box at dusk when animals are emerging to forage for the night. Watch the box for 20-30 minutes and see who emerges.

Alternatively, you could set up a wildlife camera (aka. trail camera, camera trap) on a tree facing the nesting box entrance. Wildlife cameras can be set up to take photos at certain time intervals, times of the day or to be motion triggered and depending on the brand, batteries can last several weeks. Just be careful about where you place them so that you don’t end up with countless photos of branches blowing the in the breeze.

Do you make customised boxes?

We may have the capacity to customise the design of our standard boxes as part of a research project. This has been done previously to incorporate sound recorders or to enable monitoring by a specific camera.

If you would like to modify one of our designs, please send us detailed drawings (with dimensions) and we will provide a quote for the customisation.

If you require any further information please email us at wildlife@latrobe.edu.au