Infrastructure and technology

Smart cities need all kinds of infrastructure that respond to the current and future needs of people living in them.

Technology can collect and analyse information to provide solutions as situations change, such as demands for power due to extreme heat or cold, or traffic and crowd management.

Experts working under this theme can develop solutions that support the infrastructure and technology challenges of smart cities.


We are eager to work with people and organisations on research that fits this theme. Some possible research examples might be:

  • regular maintenance of capital infrastructure – does it live up to the promise?
  • developing low power consumption systems?
  • long distance radio frequency – can it achieve universal coverage?
  • how can everyone connect no matter where they are or how much money they have?

If you have an idea for research and want to be a part of our network, contact us with your ideas.


We are able to undertake work for organisations and governments. Talk to us about how we can help you. Some examples include:

  • analysis of data and provision of a report to advise on smart technologies available or what is needed to solve a problem
  • feasibility studies
  • economic modelling – the cost benefits of technologies.

Externally Funded Projects

Operationalising ethical frameworks in critical tech industries

This project intends to provide Australian and Indian businesses with improved ethical policy and practice when outsourcing their technology to Indian providers. It will do this by improving the understanding of how they translate being signatories of Ethical Codes to their actual practice. Moreover, the project will analyse the emotions and views of stakeholders expressed in social media on the ethical issues found to be important in business surveys. In doing so, the project intends to advance the body of knowledge in artificial intelligence (AI) and cyber and critical technology, ethics and sustainability and risk by bringing together disciplines in business management and ethics, computer science and engineering, and AI and business analytics.

The outcomes expected include recommendations as to revised codes and practices of ethics and a framework using AI and advanced analytics to review ethical practices of companies.

Project Team:

Together, they bring expertise in corporate governance, ethics and human behaviour, cyber threats and social engineering, and the use of predictive data for industry.

This project has been funded through the first round of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade - Australia-India Cyber and Critical Technology Partnership program

Current research projects

Feasibility studies for reusing construction and demolition waste for smart cities

This project seeks to study the feasibility of using construction and demolition waste (CDW) as an alternate low-carbon material in construction. Three types of CDW: crushed brick, recycled concrete aggregate and recycled asphalt pavement will be considered. It is hoped that this study will increase confidence by end users, contractors and design consultants to make use of this alternative material and reduce the amount of CDW going to landfill.

PhD candidate:
  • Sai Kiran Chukka

Project ID: 1-EOI-BITSP

Real-time crash prediction in disordered traffic

This project aims to develop real-time crash prediction models for disordered traffic on urban roads and intersections.

Utilising high resolution multimodal trajectory data being collected by an on-going project at IIT Kanpur, surrogate safety measure and crash precursors will be identified and analysed.

Real-time crash prediction models with different predictive horizons will then be developed using deep learning techniques such as short-term memory networks.


Project ID: 2-EOI-IITK

Resilient ultra-strong composites for next-generation urban infrastructure

This project aims to provide a major breakthrough in design and analysis by developing an ultra-strong composite member combining the properties of carbon steel and ultra-high-strength concrete, thus reduce the carbon footprint through a reduction in building materials, reuse of structural members and prefabrications using advanced manufacturing techniques.


Project ID: 9-EOI-IITK

Citizens’  E-Collaboration : Collective Intelligence for Community Socio-Economic Upliftment in Smart Cities

This research aims to investigate how citizens e-collaborate to exploit smart technologies for shared value in the service economy. Although the smart technologies create a unique and connected information-based ecosystem, citizens have little understanding of what problems smart technologies will solve, and how smart technologies function. Consequently, the uptake of smart technologies has been limited or not been utilised.


Project ID: 12-EOI-IITK

Advanced geometric algorithms for network optimisation and architectural layout design

This project aims to advance the theory and practice of automated design of minimum cost networks and architectural layouts to solve a range of problems including how to develop a mathematical approach for generating floorplan layouts which are an integral part of Urban Design, or to solve disc packing and covering problems.


Project ID: 16-EOI-BITSP

Intelligent planning of Prosumer Microgrid (PMG) Load Management in Smart Cities for Optimal Energy Consumption

This project aims to reduce the costs of energy consumption through intelligent monitoring of the loads and generations of the Prosumer Microgrid (PMG). When prosumers along with Net Zero Buildings (NZB) participate in energy bidding process, energy cost minimisation in PMG can be achieved.

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Aishvaria Gorityala

Project ID: 18-EOI-BITSP

MXene-Collagen Based Bioinks as Suitable 3D Bioprinting Materials for Tissue Engineering

This project aims to develop a nanocomposite bioink comprising of MXene nanosheets dispersed within collagen hydrogel for 3D bioprinting of permissive cell-laden scaffolds. Its rheological characteristics, electrical conductivity, printability, print fidelity, cytocompatibility and in vitro biocompatibility for tissue engineering applications will be investigated. An attempt will also be made to pursue an in vivo characterization of the 3-D printed scaffolds.

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Indrajeet Singh

Project ID: 23-EOI-IITK

Security of biometric authentication in the IoT

This project will develop secure biometric authentication systems using deep learning techniques to counter biometric-related threats in the IoT environment.

With template protection, the biometric authentication systems designed need to show strong security and good recognition performance.

PhD candidate:
  • Laxmi Chhibbar

Project ID: 25-EOI-BITSP

Building Multi-source knowledge base for AI-driven public health explainable chatbots

A common problem in public health is the ability to answer health related questions at scale. One solution is to use Machine Learning/Artificial Intelligence to learn the questions and answers so a machine can provide this service 24x7 to many people.  However current techniques lack the capabilities to ensure answers are medically sound, so new algorithms need to be found to overcome these kinds of issues.


Project ID: 33-EOI-BITSP

Building Actionable and Smart Information Systems for Migrant Workers in Smart Cities

This project aims to test sustainable models of digital communication that support migrant workers’ welfare in urban spaces. Targeting information gaps, ethnographic research methods will be used to identify migrant capabilities for handling digital platforms. This data will guide design and construction of an appropriate information system to be deployed and tested with the communities studied, that caters to their capabilities and information needs.

PhD candidate:
  • Chaitra C R

Project ID: 41-EOI-BITSP

Sustainable Performance-Oriented Maritime Transport in India and Australia: An Empirical Analysis

This project will collect data to test CO2 emmisions and to understand how to incorporate social cost factors into the maritime transport's structure and conduct that will achieve sustainable performance-oriented services to reduce CO2 emissions.



Future of India-Australia Agribusiness Trade in an Era of Reglobalization: A Supply Chain Management Perspective

This research aims to explore how supply chain collaboration among groups of importers and/or exporters can successfully reduce production/logistical costs along with work for new trade agreements. We will combine national input output data along with trade statistics to identify the global value chains in various sectors and decipher value added in bilateral trade flows. The study will generate innovative supply chain solutions and promote collaboration among multiple clusters of Indian and Australian exporters and importers, with special focus on micro, small and medium enterprises and low-income consumers.


Project ID: 47-EOI-IITK

Improving data driven decision making in small-mid scale dairy cooperatives

Our research aims develop bespoke sensors and data analytics and traceability methods to identify causes of milk quality problems and enable development of strategies to improve milk quality.

PhD candidate:
  • Anupama Ranjan (BITS Pilani)


Implementation of an ultra-energy efficient brain-inspired computing platform using spintronics

In this project, synapse and neuron circuits will be designed using spintronic devices and spintronic neuromorphic implementations of various neural networks, such as Convolutional or Long/Short Term Memory Neural Networks. This work will contribute to the body of knowledge in spintronic neuromorphic systems by providing new models and platforms to implement such networks in a more practical way.

PhD candidate:
  • Mr MD Salim Equbal

Project ID: 52-EOI-IITK

Growth Convergence & Spatial Analysis of Indo‐Australian Supply Chain Dynamics Perspective


Project ID: EOI 2-1-IITK

AI-driven healthcare: multi-modality data analysis and mining for COVID-19 treatment and rehabilitation in India and Australia


Project ID: EOI 2-3-IITK

A hierarchical methodology for designing ultra-high strength cement composite for construction for modern infrastructure

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Sahil Walia

Project ID: EOI 2-5-IITK

Explainable Deep Syntactic Descriptors for Information Retrieval


Project ID: EOI 2-6-IITK

Automated traffic incident detection and duration prediction


Project ID: EOI 2-7-IITK

Incremental data stream representation learning based digital twin technology for dynamic smart city environments

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Shrey Verma
  • Ms Namita Kumari

Project ID: 150-IIT K - LTU 2021

Ethics in the Supply Chain

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Sayak Sarkar

Project ID: EOI 2-11-IITK

Geothermal foundation system for heating and cooling of buildings


Project ID: EOI 2-12-IITK

Hybrid Nanocellulose‐Glass and Carbon Fibres: Toward Sustainable Sourcing and Biodegradable Recycling of High‐Performance Structural Composite Materials


Project ID: EOI 2-13-IITK

METACOMP: Metamaterial embedded composites for enhanced multifunctional mechanical performances


Project ID: EOI 2-14-IITK

Advanced distribution management system using data analytics

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Viresh Patel

Project ID: SEOI-1-IITK

Vulnerability Analysis of Smart Contracts

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Chavhan Sujeet

Project ID: SEOI-2-IITK

Strength degradation and swell-shrink response of expansive soil under various hydraulic and stress paths

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Sankara Narayanan M

Project ID: SEOI-3-IITK

Blockchain and small firms: Financing Framework, Application and adoption

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Deepak Kumar

Project ID: SEOI-4-IITK

Design and Development of Intelligent Energy Harvesting Autonomous Buoy for River Water Quality Management

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Ashish Shukla

Project ID: 62 IIT K - LTU 2023

A peer to peer Energy Trading using Transactive Energy for Smart Grid Using Blockchain Technology

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Mayank Arora

Project ID: 47 IIT K - LTU 2023

Recontextualization of Psychological Capital: Studies in the remote work setup

PhD candidate:
  • Mr Vineet Arora

Project ID: 94 IIT K - LTU 2023

Development and testing of alkali activated pervious concrete with recycled aggregates for smart city roads in India and Australia


Project ID: 107 BITS - LTU 2023

Safety zoning of Highways using Satellite Imaging & Deep Learning


Project ID: 119 BITS - LTU 2023

Resource Allocation for Low-power networks in Smart Cities


Project ID: 24 BITS - LTU 2023

The adoption and application of technological service innovation in aged care context: A Service-Dominant Logic Perspective


Project ID: 67 LTU - IIT K 2023

Artificial intelligence-based anomaly and vulnerability detection of smart grids with a specific focus on Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN) attacks


Project ID: 68 LTU - IIT K 2023

Educational Escape Room Approaches for Societal Change and Instruction


Project ID: 70 LTU - BITS 2023

Research partners

La Trobe Academics

You can download the complete file of one-page profiles for La Trobe Academics here [PDF 1.3MB]

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur Academics

You can download the complete file of one-page profiles for IIT Kanpur Academics here [PDF 1.1MB]

Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) Pilani Academics

You can download the complete file of one-page profiles for BITS Pilani Academics here [PDF 1.3MB]