Not currently offered

Credit points: 15

Subject outline

Groundwater (water beneath the earth's surface) is a crucial resource in many parts of the world for urban and agricultural use, and its importance is increasing as surface water supplies become over-exploited. This subject covers how groundwater moves (flow, recharge and discharge) and the chemical processes influencing its composition (e.g. evaporation, weathering, mineral precipitation). There is a strong emphasis on environmental aspects and applications, particularly groundwater contamination (including salinization and acid mine drainage) and estimation and sustainability of groundwater resources.

SchoolLife Sciences

Credit points15

Subject Co-ordinatorJohn Webb

Available to Study Abroad/Exchange StudentsYes

Subject year levelYear Level 2 - UG

Available as ElectiveYes

Learning ActivitiesN/A

Capstone subjectNo

Subject particulars

Subject rules



Incompatible subjectsENV3EGW

Equivalent subjectsN/A

Quota Management StrategyN/A

Quota-conditions or rulesN/A

Special conditionsThis subject is co-taught with ENV3EGW, but ENV3EGW uses different marking criteria that assess a higher order of thinking (explain, analyse, relate, apply) than is expected in ENV2EGW.

Minimum credit point requirementN/A

Assumed knowledgeN/A

Learning resources

The geochemistry of natural waters

Resource TypeBook

Resource RequirementRecommended

AuthorDrever, J. I.


Edition/Volume3RD EDN



Chapter/article titleN/A



Other descriptionN/A

Source locationN/A

Physical and chemical hydrogeology

Resource TypeBook

Resource RequirementRecommended

AuthorDomenico, P.A. and Schwartz, F. W.





Chapter/article titleN/A



Other descriptionN/A

Source locationN/A

Career Ready


Work-based learningNo

Self sourced or Uni sourcedN/A

Entire subject or partial subjectN/A

Total hours/days requiredN/A

Location of WBL activity (region)N/A

WBL addtional requirementsN/A

Graduate capabilities & intended learning outcomes

Graduate Capabilities

Intended Learning Outcomes

01. Describe the parameters that control the ability of aquifers to store and transmit groundwater, and understand the techniques used to measure these parameters.
02. Analyse the physical and hydraulic parameters and properties of groundwater flow in order to solve complex constructed and real-world problems involving groundwater resources.
03. Apply the principles and techniques of geochemistry to interpret the composition of groundwater, including solving solubility and precipitation problems for a range of dissolved species found in natural and contaminated waters, and assessing the appropriate remediation techniques for groundwater contamination
04. Analyse groundwater hydraulic and chemical data collected in the field using numerical calculations and graphical representations, in order to prepare a written report on the results using appropriate organisation and referencing.
05. Describe the major groundwater resources of Victoria and the relevant government controls on their usage and protection

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