Forced transnationalism: Sending migrants’ children home
Australian Research Council Discovery Project
This project uses a case study of Tongan migrants to investigate the practice of sending overseas-born children to live in the migrants' homeland for one or more school terms, often in response to concerns about their behaviour. The project explores the implications of the practice for the young people concerned, and their families, schools and wider communities. In particular the project focuses on the impact on young people's cultural identity and national belonging, educational outcomes and social problems associated with second generation youth.
This project was funded by the Australian Research Council, DP120103769, 2012-2014 ($128,000).
Connell, J and H. Lee, eds. (2018) Change and Continuity in the Pacific: Revisiting the Region. London: Routledge.
Lee, H. (2018) ‘Becoming Tongan today’ in J. Connell and H. Lee, eds. Change and Continuity in the Pacific: Revisiting the Region, pp.118-135. London: Routledge.
J. Taylor and H. Lee, eds. (2017) Mobilities of return: Pacific perspectives, Canberra, ANU Press.
Lee, H. (2017) ‘Overseas born youth in Tongan high schools: learning the hard life’ in H. Lee and J. Taylor, eds., Mobilities of return: Pacific perspectives, pp. 75-98. Canberra: ANU Press.
Lee, H. (2017) ‘CEDAW smokescreens: Gender politics in contemporary Tonga’, The Contemporary Pacific, 29(1): 66-90.
Lee, H. (2016) ‘”I was forced here”: Perceptions of agency in second generation “return” migration to Tonga’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42(15): 2564-2579.
Lee, H (2015) 'The Lucky Ones'? Overseas born Tongan youth in Tongan high schools. Report on research funded by the Australian Research Council and approved by Tonga's Ministry of Education and Training. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2263.4406.
For further information about this project, please contact:
Professor Helen Lee
Department of Social Inquiry
La Trobe University
T: +61 3 9479 2749