What is nanotechnology?


Nanotechnology is the science dedicated to understanding and controlling materials at the nanoscale. The capacity to manipulate matter at the level of nanometres offers enormous potential to revolutionise our lives by transforming areas such as energy production, manufacturing, communication technology, electronics and more.

Specific examples that indicate the breadth of nanotechnology applications include:

  • Semiconductors where it is hoped that very small components will continue the increase in computational speed predicted by Moore's Law
  • Chemical systems that expect nanotechnology to provide sophisticated sensors for chemicals at low concentrations with applications to biological systems. 
  • Biology, where biologists seek means of manipulating and sensing biological processes within cells. 

Watch 'Decoding Nano', a video created by the Australian Government with La Trobe University and the Australian Synchrotron to learn more about nanotechnology.