Living with Disability Research Centre Research Seminar Series
- Wednesday 14 April 2021 03:00 pm until Wednesday 14 April 2021 05:00 pm (Add to calendar)
- Lauren De Losa
- Presented by:
- Living with Disability Research Centre
- Type of Event:
Two presentations exploring risk and self-determination - two issues fundamental to support practice with people with intellectual disabilities
Dr Ilan Wiesel - University of Melbourne
Possibility and risk in encounters between people with and without intellectual disability
Dictionary definitions emphasise the accidental, unexpected nature of encounter: “a chance meeting,” “a sudden clash”. Retrospectively an unplanned encounter is sometimes recalled as a fateful transformative moment, a first meeting with long-term significance – for better or worse – that could have never been foretold. It is for these implicit meanings – unpredictability, risk and possibilities – that the concept of encounter has captured the attention and imagination of scholars and activists interested in social change since the 1960s, and more recently in intellectual disability studies. This presentation will draw on insights from the literature around risk and encounter to reflect on the complex ways in which perceptions of risk (and reward) and behaviours shape encounters between people with and without intellectual disability. The presentation will explore the idea that risk is both essential to conviviality and a potential barrier to it. It will also consider how risk-enabling skills for encounter might be nurtured for people with intellectual disability, their support workers and other members of the public. This presentation is based on a article - one of a collection of articles on Encounter - published as part of a special issue of the Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability.
Charity Sims-Jenkins - PhD Candidate, Living with Disability Research Centre, La Trobe University
Staff perspectives and supporting people with intellectual disability to be self-determined
This presentation reviews the literature about staff support for the self-determination of people with intellectual disabilities and the potential of the stereotype content model to understand and change staff perceptions. A significant body of literature suggests staff often fail to enable self-determination and at times may obstruct it, as a result of organisational constraints, risk management policies and their perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities. Theories about stigma have focussed on changing negative staff perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities. It may be however that staff practices are driven not by negative perceptions but by positive feelings of protectiveness and helpfulness towards people with intellectual disabilities. The stereotype content model adds a new dimension to stigma, suggesting that warm and positive feelings may lead to paternalistic prejudice and obstruct rather than enable self-determination. The methods are introduced for a PhD study that explores staff perceptions using the stereotype content model and how these perceptions respond to an intervention, which includes stories from self-advocates about self-determination and techniques such as empathy and perspective-taking. The study will use qualitative methods to collect data about the efficacy of the intervention in changing staff perceptions.
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