Issue 12 - December 2014

In this issue

  • Message from the Director
  • PhD completion
  • Grants
  • Research update
  • SMAANZ Conference
  • Upcoming conference
  • Recent publications

Message from the Director

2014 has been another fantastic year for the Centre for Sport and Social Impact (CSSI), largely a result of the efforts by staff associated with the Centre. The CSSI has continued to conduct meaningful and industry relevant research and I wish to thank all members of the CSSI for their valuable contribution to our reputation among funding providers and research partners alike. In 2014 we have seen some CSSI staff retire or depart the University – we wish these colleagues well in the future and hope that they will continue their association with the CSSI in 2015. Our congratulations go to those students and staff who completed their PhDs in 2014 – we hope you can take the time over Christmas and New Year to reflect on and celebrate your achievements - and to those students who have decided to embark on their PhD journey with us – we look forward to supporting you in your endeavours in 2015 and beyond.
Have a joyous and safe holiday over the Christmas and New Year break – look forward to seeing you all early in 2015.

Matt Nicholson

PhD completion 

Greg Dingle, Playing the Carbon Game: A Study of Climate Change Impacts and Responses at Organisations Managing Major Australian Sport Stadia.

This thesis was a qualitative study that analysed:

  • what the implications of climate change are for major Australian sport stadia (MASS)
  • how the organisations that manage MASS respond to climate change,
  • and why they respond.

The major climate change issues for MASS organisations are: (1) water management; (2) energy management, and; (3) waste management. These stadia and their organisations are largely resilient – rather than vulnerable – to the physical impacts of CC by virtue of the human and other resources at their disposal. They also perceive CC as essentially a cost issue rather than a revenue issue, which was critical in shaping their risk management responses to CC.


Liam Lenten & Ralph Bayer, 'Improving Anti Doping Policy with Conditional Superannuation' La Trobe School of Economics, $19,156, Grant Scheme 1 – Pilot Project category. This scheme supports pilot projects or the provision of proof for concepts that will lead to a large grant submission in 2016 or 2017 (e.g. ARC Centre of Excellence, NHMRC Program Grants, NHMRC Project Grants, CRC bids, Discovery Grant, or Linkage Grant).

Research update

Russell Hoye, Erica Randle, Matthew Nicholson & Pam Kappelides, Female participation in sport & physical activity

The Centre for Sport and Social Impact at La Trobe University has prepared a new research summary for VicHealth's new Funding Scheme for Female participation in sport and physical activity. The headlines are:

  • More than 2/3 of adult Australian females are classified as sedentary or having low levels of exercise.
  • Females in Victoria participate in informal or unorganised physical activity options at four times the rate as organised opportunities.
  • Our analysis highlights different drivers and barriers to participation across the lifespan - check it in detail online.

Russell Hoye and Matthew Nicholson, Does sport involvement build trust of others?

Being involved in sport is often thought of as being a powerful agent for building social cohesion and wellbeing amongst communities. The foundation of these outcomes is the existence of trust between individuals.

To date, there has not been any conclusive evidence that involvement in sport is a form of civic participation that facilitates this trust among people.

We have just published a paper that examines the claim that generalized trust and community participation are positively associated. We report the results from a survey that collected data on individuals' involvement in sport and non-sport community organizations. The analysis included an estimation of the direction of causality (i.e. does sport build trust or do trusting people join sport clubs?) between involvement and trust. Our results showed that sport membership led to trust elevation.

Russell Hoye, Erica Randle, Pam Kappelides and Matthew Nicholson

The Centre for Sport and Social Impact (CSSI) at La Trobe University was commissioned by Tennis Victoria to undertake an evaluation of the Accessible Community Equality (ACE) Program which is funded through VicHealth's State Sporting Association Participation Program 2011–14 (SSAPP). The aim of the Accessible Community Equality (ACE) Program is to create more inclusive community sporting clubs for priority populations (females; people with disabilities; Indigenous Australians; and people from cultural and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds). The Tennis Victoria ACE programs have been administered through three models:

  • Tennis coach driven programs;
  • Community Tennis Club driven programs;
  • Programs driven by third party providers (usually a community organisation).

The aim of the evaluation was to focus on the individual participant outcomes and the impact on tennis participation. The project involved conducting five case studies, representing each of the program models,  and concluded that these programs were successful in overcoming many of the barriers to participation priority populations experienced, and in some circumstances were successful in increasing long-term tennis participation.

Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand (SMAANZ) Conference, 26-28 November 2014

This conference co-hosted by Deakin University celebrated 20 years of development of sport management as an academic discipline and profession. A number of CSSI members made presentations including three post-graduate students. This Conference also saw Anthony Kerr stepped down from his role as Treasurer and Emma Sherry ended her four years' service as Secretary of SMAANZ and two years as a general member.

Here is a sample of CSSI presentations:

Russell Hoye, Pam Kappelides, Matthew Nicholson and Erica Randle, 'Participation in Sport: A Review of 20 years of government policy, NSO program design and outcomes'

Australia has long been considered a 'sporting nation' that is obsessed with watching and consuming sport, as well as participating (Cashman 1995), yet the actual rate of participation by Australians in formal organized sport is relatively low. The purpose of this paper was to review the effectiveness of federal government policies and national sport organisation (NSO) programs designed to increase participation. To do so we briefly presented data on sport participation rates and trends in Australia for the period 1993 to 2013, reviewed the design of federal government sport policies designed to influence the nature and extent of Australians' participation in sport through a content analysis of sport policy documents, and reviewed the program focus and associated program logic models (Cooksy, Gill & Kelly, 2001), used by selected NSOs to increase participation in their respective sports.

Our analysis of government policy settings and program design, viewed through the lens of program logic modelling (Cooksy, Gill & Kelly, 2001), enabled several conclusions, namely: the influence of federal government policy on NSO program design, the lack of evidence gathered by NSOs over the last 20 years of the effectiveness of specific programs, the continuing disconnect between individuals engaging in participation programs and sports securing their long term involvement, and the general lack of comprehensive program design undertaken by NSOs that address the multitude of barriers and drivers of participation in sport.

Hannah MacDougall, 'Investigating the well-being needs and strengths of Australian Para athletes'

This paper was based on the recent findings from Hannah's PhD. The presentation focused upon the subjective, psychological, and social well-being strengths and needs of Para athletes at both a global and sport-context across gender, nature of impairment, type of sport and sporting level. Data for the presentation and study were drawn from three sources (semi-structured interviews and two focus groups). The main findings indicated that the well-being needs of Para athletes revolved around managing the extreme emotions experienced across sporting careers, especially during times of transition or when athletes perceived low levels of self-acceptance. However, the level of satisfaction gained from recognizing resiliency, and an ability to cope and nurture happiness, assisted athletes to contribute to multiple communities through social actualization and changing perceptions related to impairments. The findings of this study will be used to assist in the development of a targeted pilot well-being program aimed at optimising the well-being of Para athletes.

Merryn Sherwood and Matthew Nicholson, 'Media Relations in Australian Professional Sport: A Case Study at an AFL Club'

This paper presented the third stage of my PhD research, a case study of an AFL club's media department. This case study aimed to explore how media relations staff in Australian sport work and subsequently how sports organisations might influence sports news. This study suggests that sports organisations do play a role in setting the sports news agenda, and that media access to talent was subjective and negotiated.

Biju Philip, 'Children's Social Integration through Peer Coaching Programs'

This paper discussed some immediate impacts, mostly social, identified in the first phase of the data collection of a soccer peer coaching program implemented in a culturally diverse rural community in India as part of a PhD study. Discussed was the past literature on sport-for-development projects and also provided details of the location, people and context of the current study. This information was also used to justify the methodology of the study which is Participatory Action Research.

Upcoming conference

European Academy of Management Conference - Knowledge, Learning, and Innovation Track
17-20 June 2015 Poland  

Call for papers and symposia - this track intends to address research on the intersection of organizational knowledge, learning, and innovation.

Keywords: Organizational knowledge; Innovation; Knowledge intensive firms; Organizational learning; Ambidexterity.

Nina Katrin Hansen (University of Hamburg)
Yvonne Van Rossenberg (Aarhus University)
Juani Swart (University of Bath)
Vanessa Ratten (La Trobe University, Australia)
Anders Örtenblad (University of Nordland, Norway)
Hong Bui (University of Southampton, United Kingdom)
Valeria Stulova (Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia)
Mait Rungi (Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia)

For more information check the conference online

Conference presentations

Doherty, A., Misener, K., & Hoye, R. (2014) 'Volunteer social capital in community sport'. Presented at the Leisure Studies Association Conference, Glasgow, 7-9 July.

Hoye, R., Kappelides, P., Nicholson, M. & Randle, E. (2014) 'Participation in Sport: A Review of 20 years of government policy, NSO program design and outcomes', Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand Conference, Melbourne, 26-28 November.

Lenten, Liam, (2014) 'Mitigation of Perverse Incentives in the Presence of Reverse-Order Drafts', 84th Annual Meetings of the Southern Economic Association, Atlanta USA, 22-24 November.

Recent publications 

Hoye, R., Smith, A., Nicholson, M. & Stewart, B. (2015). Sport Management: Principles and Applications, 4th Edition. London: Routledge.

Book chapter
Kappelides, P. & Hoye, R. (2014). Volunteering and Sport. In M. Oppenheimer & J. Warburton (eds.), Volunteering in Australia. Sydney: The Federation Press, pp. 168-179.

Journal articles
Aisbett, L. & Hoye, R. (accepted for publication in 2015). "Human resource management practices to support sport event volunteers", Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources.

Stukas, A. A., Hoye, R., Nicholson, M., Brown, K., & Aisbett, L. (in press, November 2014). Motivations to volunteer and their associations with volunteers' well-being. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly.

For further inquiries or suggestions, please contact:

Professor Russell Hoye
Director CSSI
La Trobe University, Bundoora, Vic 3086
T: +61 (0) 3 9479 1345