Today is ...

18 August

There are no public holidays or days of significance in Asia on this day.

Past Days...

17 August

India (states of Maharashtra and Gujarat) celebrated Parsi New Year (Shahenshahi).

Indonesia celebrated Independence Day.  The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence (Indonesian: Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Indonesia, or simply Proklamasi) was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, August 17, 1945. The declaration marked the start of the diplomatic and armed-resistance of the Indonesian National Revolution, fighting against the forces of the Netherlands and pro-Dutch civilians, until the latter officially acknowledged Indonesia's independence in 1949. In 2005, the Netherlands declared that they had decided to accept de facto 17 August 1945 as Indonesia's independence date.  In a 2013 interview the Indonesian historian Sukotjo, amongst others, asked the Dutch government to formally acknowledge the date of independence as August 17, 1945. The United Nations, who mediated in the conflict, formally acknowledge the date of independence as 27 December 1949.  The document was signed by Sukarno (who signed his named "Soekarno" using the older Dutch orthography) and Mohammad Hatta, who were appointed President and Vice-president respectively the following day.

16 August

India (state of Puducherry) - the Puducherry government observes August 16 as Dejure Transfer Day. It was on that day in 1962 that France ceded to India full sovereignty over the territory of [Pondicherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam] through the exchange of Instruments of Ratification between then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru and French Ambassador to India Jean Paul Garnier.

15 August

Bangladesh celebrated National Mourning Day. On this day Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his entire family members were assassinated by a group of junior Bangladesh Army officers.

India celebrated Independence Day marking Indian independence from British Empire in 1947.

North Korea celebrated Liberation Day (1945).

South Korea celebrated Gwangbokjeol (Independence Day).  The day celebrates the national liberation from Imperial Japan in 1945. On the same day in 1948, the government of the Republic of Korea was established. The word "Gwangbok" means "restoration of light".

Timor Leste celebrated Assumption Day.

14 August

Pakistan celebrated Independence Day marking Pakistani independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.

13 August

Thailand had a holiday for HM the Queen’s Birthday.

12 August

Thailand celebrated HM the Queen’s Birthday to commemorate the birth day of Queen Sirikit in 1932.

11 August

India (state of Kerala) celebrated Karkkadaka Vavu.  Hindu customs and rituals give much importance to the rituals that are to be performed after the death.  According to the Hindu custom, if a member in the family dies, the younger ones in the family have to perform Bali (also called Pithru Tharpanam) to liberate the soul from the shackles of this worldly life and to help the soul achieve eternal peace. The Bali carried out on Karkkidaka Vavu (Karkidakavavu) day is called Vavubali which is of great importance.  The regular custom is to perform the ritual on the basis of the calculations on the star of the day the family member has died. However, Karkkidaka Vavu bali is performed regardless of these calculations. The rites are conducted as per the Hindu custom and performed in beaches and waterways. Hindus in Kerala never fail to perform this ritual on the day of Karkkidaka Vavu.

Japan celebrated Mountain Day.

9 August

Singapore celebrated their National Day in commemoration of the Singapore's independence from Malaysia in the year 1965. This holiday features a National Day Parade, an address by the Prime Minister of Singapore, and fireworks celebrations.

6 August

Australia (state of New South Wales) had a Bank Holiday and the Northern Territory celebrates Picnic Day.

India (state of Telangana) celebrated Bonalu.  Bonalu is a Hindu festival of the Goddess of power, Mahakali.  It is celebrated in the month of Ashada masam, in July/August.  Special poojas are performed for Yellamma on the first and last day of the festival.  The festival is also considered a thanksgiving to the Goddess for fulfillment of vows.  Bonam means Bojanaalu or a meal in Telugu, is an offering to the Goddess. Women bring cooked rice with milk, sugar sometimes onions in a brass or earthen pot, adorned with small neem branches and turmeric, vermilion (kunkum) or Kadi (white chalk) and a lamp on the top. Women place the pots on their heads and take it to Goddess temple, led by drummers and dancing men.

31 July

India (states of Punjab and Haryana) observed Martyrdom Day of Shahid Udham Singh.

30 July

Thailand had a holiday for Khao Phansa and the King’s birthday.

28 July

Thailand (except banks) celebrated Khao Phansa, the Buddhist observance marking the beginning of Vassa, also known as Buddhist Lent.

Thailand celebrated the Birthday of King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun.

27 July

Laos celebrated Boun Khao Phansa.  At local temples, worshippers in brightly coloured silks greet the dawn on Buddhist Lent by offering gifts to the monks and pouring water into the ground as a gesture of offering to their ancestors. Lent begins in July and lasts 3 months. Monks are required to stay within their wat during this time, to meditate and focus on dharma studies. Lao men are traditionally ordained as monks during this time.

Maldives (government only) had a holiday for Independence Day.

Myanmar observed Waso Full Moon (Buddhist Lent Begins).

North Korea celebrated Victory Day, the end of the Korean War in 1953. Known as the Day of Victory in the Great Fatherland Liberation War.

Sri Lanka celebrated Esala Full Moon Poya Day which commemorates the deliverance of the first sermon to the five ascetics and set in motion the Wheel of the Dhamma by Buddha.

Thailand celebrated Asarnha Bucha Day, a Buddhist observance commemorating the Buddha's first discourse, the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta.

26 July

Maldives celebrated Independence Day.  On 26 July 1965, Maldives gained independence under an agreement signed with the United Kingdom. The British government retained the use of the Gan and Hitaddu facilities. In a national referendum in March 1968, Maldivians abolished the sultanate and established a republic.

23 July

Malaysia (state of Sarawak) had another State Public Holiday.

22 July

Malaysia (state of Sarawak) had a State Public Holiday.

20 July

Laos observed Lao Women Unions Day.

19 July

Myanmar celebrated Martyrs’ Day which commemorates the assassination of Aung San and several other cabinet members in 1947. Martyrs' Day is a Burmese national holiday observed on 19 July to commemorate General Aung San and seven other leaders of the pre-independence interim government—Thakin Mya, Ba Cho, Abdul Razak, Ba Win, Mahn Ba Khaing, Sao San Tun and Ohn Maung—all of whom were assassinated on that day in 1947. It is customary for high-ranking government officials to visit the Martyrs' Mausoleum in Yangon in the morning of that day to pay respects.  Myoma U Than Kywe led the ceremony of the First Burmese Martyrs' Day on July 20, 1947 in Rangoon.

17 July

Malaysia (State of Perlis) had a state public holiday.

6 July

Bhutan celebrated the First Sermon of Lord Buddha.

Brunei had a holiday for the H.M. the Sultan’s Birthday.

Japan celebrated Marine Day. This national holiday was established in 1995 (and first held in 1996) as a day of gratitude for the blessings of the oceans and for hoping for the prosperity of the maritime nation that is Japan. Originally held on July 20, in 2003 it was changed to the third Monday of July in accordance with the Happy Monday System.

15 July

Brunei celebrated the H.M.the Sultan’s Birthday.  Sultan Hassanal BolkiahGCB GCMG (full name: Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien; born 15 July 1946) is the 29th and current Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei. He is also the first and incumbent Prime Minister of Brunei. The eldest son of Sir Muda Omar Ali Saifuddien III and Rani Isteri Pengiran Anak Damit, he succeeded to the throne as the Sultan of Brunei, following the abdication of his father on 4 October 1967.

Mongolia had a holiday for Naadam Festival.