Installation instructions

Here is a list of installation instructions specific to our range of nesting boxes. If you would like a hard copy posted to you, please contact nestboxes@latrobe.edu.au

General installation Instructions

  • Choose an easily accessible spot away from bright lights.
  • The box should be at least three metres from the ground.
  • The box should be facing east and be shaded through the hottest part of the day. This is because most cold weather comes from the south.
  • Once you have decided on a location, set the angle of the backboard and tighten the bolt. To ensure that it is secure hammer the small nail (supplied) through the back of the box into the backboard Each nesting box is provided with 4” galvanised nails and mudguard washers. Thread the nail through the washer and then through the backboard of the nestbox. Nail it firmly to the tree. As the tree grows the box is firmly held into place by the two large mudguard washers.
  • We use nails instead of strapping because over time strapping strangles the tree, causing the tree to drop its limbs or die
  • Animals are naturally curious and will investigate any new objects in their territory. They will soon locate your new nesting box – you won’t be able to hide it from them.
  • If for any reason you wish to move a box, block the entrance off when the animals are out and about. Then move the box to a preferred spot and re-open the entrance.
    • Possum, Glider, Bat and other mammal nesting boxes are best momved after dusk.
    • Parrots, Ducks and Kookaburras will be in boxes at various times, so best to move the boxes after their breeding season
    • Remember that animals dont necessarily know which box is for them, so you may have a possum in a brid box.

Microbat Box Installation

  • Microbat-instructionsPlacing the box in a semi-open area is preferred.
  • The boxes are designed to avoid the build-up of bat scats (guano).
  • Bats tend to have different roost sites for summer and winter, with winter roost sites being very well insulated. Our boxes are designed to be used more during summer.
  • The size and orientation of the box inhibits infestation by feral honey bees, even when the box vacant.

Brushtail Possum Installation

  • Brushtail-Possum-Nesting-BoxIf possible, place the box in a tree close to other trees and shrubs and in dense vegetation
  • The nesting box does not need to be cleaned out. Brushtail Possums keep their nest clean and tidy.
  • A Brushtail possum box is cool in summer and warm in winter due to the insulating qualities of the wood.
  • Large Possums can fit inside this nesting box. The entrance hole may seem small but this does not prevent entry by the possums and also helps to deter predators. Brushtail Possums are used to squeezing into small spaces!

Ringtail Possum Box Installation

  • Ring-Tail-Nesting-BoxIf possible, place the box in a tree close to other trees and shrubs and in dense vegetation
  • The nesting box does not need to be cleaned out. Ringtail Possums keep their nest clean and tidy; no urine, no faeces, no smell and no need to add or change nesting material.

Sugar Glider Box Installation

  • Sugar-Glidert-Nesting-BoxPosition the box in an evergreen tree close to dense foliage and close to other trees and shrubs. Sugar Gliders  do not like to be exposed for long periods of time.
  • The nest box does not need to be cleaned out. Sugar Gliders keep their nests clean and tidy.
  • Do not approach occupied boxes, infrequent visual inspections (once a month) will not harm resident gliders.
  • Bees have been known to take up occupancy in these boxes, usually from September to December. To deter bees, fill the nest box with fresh gum leaves.  Should bees occupy the box, insect powder on a ‘pest strip’ placed in the hole will eliminate them without any detriment to the gliders.

Feathertail Glider Box Installation

  • A glider nest box does not need to be cleaned out. Feathertail Gliders build and keep their nest clean and tidy
  • If possible, place the nest box in a tree that is close to other trees and shrubs and in a part of the tree with dense foliage
  • A glider nest box is designed, by size, to not attract bees, even if it is vacant

Phascogale, Antechinus & Squirrel Glider Box Installation

  • Phascogale-Antechinus-Nesting-BoxPosition the box in an evergreen tree close to dense foliage and close to other trees and shrubs. These mammals do not like to be exposed for long periods of time.
  • The nest box does not need to be cleaned out. These mammals do defecate in their box, but this is perfectly normal and should be left like that.
  • Do not approach occupied boxes, infrequent visual inspections (once a month) will not harm resident phascogales.
  • Squirrel-Glidert-Nesting-BoxBees have been known to take up occupancy in these boxes, usually from September to December. To deter bees, fill the nest box with fresh gum leaves.  Should bees occupy the box, insect powder on a ‘pest strip’ placed in the hole will eliminate them without any detriment to the animal.

Pardalote Box Installation

  • Pardolate-Nesting-BoxIncluded is a bag of potting mix that should be emptied into the bottom of the nest box. Pardalotes build their nests in soil, so it is important to keep the nesting box topped up with material.
  • Place the box high enough to keep it out of reach of cats
  • A resident pardalote can easily be evicted by closing the entrance to the nest box when the bird has left the box. The nest box can then be moved to a move appropriate location.

Lorikeet, Rosella and Large Parrot Box Installation

  • Lorikeet-Parrot-Nesting-BoxParrots are communal and travel in flocks of up to 30 birds. By putting in a number of nesting boxes you can help more than one breeding pair.
  • The box includes an exotic bird excluder which prevents invasive species such as Indian Mynahs and Starlings from occupying the box. Native parrots will chew through the excluder to access the box. Excluders should be replaced after inspection by Lorikeets and at the end of each breeding season (spring / summer). They are easily removed if not required
  • Included is a bag of potting mix that should be emptied into the bottom of the nest box. This allows the nest box to better mimic their natural nesting sites in rotting wood
  • A parrot nest box should only need to be cleaned out if a feral species has nested in it. Feral species will fill the box with twigs, feathers and bright coloured rubbish that will discourage parrots from using the box.
  • Parrots keep their nest clean and tidy; so there is no need to add or change nesting material once the box is installed
  • Place the box high enough to keep it out of reach of cats
  • The boxes should be exposed to morning sun to help warm it after cold spring nightsRosella-Parrot-Nesting-Box

Duck Box Installation

  • Duck-Nesting-BoxAll ducks have different preferences when it comes to the height of the nesting box or hollow. If you are trying to target a specific species then you may need to find out what is the optimum height for that species.
  • A Duck Nesting box does not need to be cleaned out. Ducks defecate over the edge of the nest opening. So place your box where there is no human traffic underneath!
  • A Duck Nesting box is designed, by size, not to attract bees or non-native birds, even if it is vacant. Ducks will evict any unwanted animals from their nest, so they’ll do the policing for you.
  • Place the box in a tree close to other trees or shrubs.
  • The box should ideally be placed in a semi-open area on the tree
  • Ducks will sit on the nest box perch while it is being using for breeding
  • Ducks will only use the box during their breeding season, which is spring. So if for any reason you wish to move your nesting box, do so outside of spring. When the ducks leave their box you can move it to a more appropriate location.

Kookaburra Box Installation

  • Kookaburra-Nesting-BoxIt is best to place the box in a semi-open position, preferably on an evergreen tree close to other shrubs and trees
  • Kookaburras will sit on the perch while using the box for breeding.
  • A Kookaburra nest box does not need to be cleaned out. Young Kookaburras defecate over the edge of the nest opening. So place your box where there is no human traffic underneath!
  • Kookaburras will evict any unwanted animals out of their nest (including European Bees)
  • Do not approach occupied boxes and avoid any major disturbances
  • Kookaburras will only use the box during breeding, from September to January. Out of those times you can move the nest box to a more appropriate location.

Owl Box Installation

Owl-Nesting-BoxSorry, These instructions are still under development. Please use the general instructions above as a starting point.
If you require any further information please email us at nestboxes@latrobe.edu.au