The Department offers and strongly supports a wide range of diverse research areas.

The University's microbiology research has been awarded the highest ranking in the Australian Government's Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) Report 2012, recognising La Trobe's research as 'well above world standard'. La Trobe is the only Australian institution to achieve this level of excellence in Microbiology. 

The Departments achievements in anatomy and physiology have earned international recognition for their research in the structure, metabolism, pathology and repair mechanisms in connective tissues, strategies for protecting against neuronal injury, the neuropharmacology of addiction and neuro-motor control factors for the forensic detection of forgery.

Research focus lies in several areas. In the biomedical research realm, groups use animal models to study underlying mechanisms involved in a variety of diseases or injury. Staff are also involved in clinical trials.