Codeine is used for pain relief and cough suppression. It’s also addictive. In Australia, over-the-counter medicines containing codeine require a pharmacist to establish therapeutic need and be involved in every sale.
Dr Joy Spark and Pene Wood surveyed pharmacists and health professionals about managing these products in a community pharmacy setting. Participants agreed that strategies are needed to help identify those who may be misusing drugs containing codeine, along with ways to address the issue of dependence and treatment with the individual. Read more.
Rehabilitating injured muscles
Rotator cuff muscles act as stabilizers of the shoulder joint. They play a critical role in the most versatile but unstable joint in the body.
In world-first research on living subjects, PhD student Sangeeta Rathi and Dr Rod Green have shown that the contraction of rotator cuff muscles increases stability of the joint in a direction-specific manner. Their findings may offer new treatment options for the rehabilitation of these commonly injured muscles. Read more.
Bacteriophage and acne
Acne affects millions of people worldwide. The bacteria that causes the condition can be treated with antibiotics, but the rise of antimicrobial resistance has led scientists to look for alternatives.
Teagan Brown and Dr Joseph Tucci have discovered that bacteriophage may be used as an alternative, and have also incorporated these naturally occurring “bacterial killers” into a cream. Their findings, published in PLOS One, may revolutionise treatment options for acne sufferers. Read more.