Staff profile

Dr Andy I.R. Herries Archaeological Science, Geoarchaeology, Archaeological Geophysics, Palaeolithic Archaeology, Human Origins, Palaeontology, Palaeoanthropology, Archaeomagnetism, Archaeometry, Synchrotron Science, Geoc

Associate Professor, ARC Future Fellow, Head of Archaeomagnetism Laboratory

Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
School of Humanities

166 Martin Building, Melbourne (Bundoora)

Qualifications

BSc, Archaeological Science; MSc, Geoarchaeology; PhD, Archaeological Geophysics & Palaeoanthropology

Membership of professional associations

Paleoanthropology Society, Asian-Australasian Association of Palaeoanthropologists, Australian Archaeological Association, INQUA, South African Archaeological Society

Area of study

Archaeology

Brief profile

I undertook my BSc in Archaeological Science, MSc in Geoarchaeology (cave and karst geology of S. African hominin sites), and PhD in Geochronology/Palaeoanthropology/Archaeological Geophysics at the University of Liverpool UK between 1994 and 2003. I am currently an ARC Future Fellow in the ‘Geochronology of Human Evolution and the Palaeolithic in Africa’. My work is focusing on the development of an chronological framework for Human Origins in southern Africa, independent of faunal correlation with East Africa and the cross correlation of different dating techniques (Palaeomagnetism, U-Pb, ESR, TT-OSL, Ar/Ar and Al/Be). Currently I am working on the dating of several hominin, Palaeolithic archaeological and fossil bearing sites in Africa ranging from caves, dunefields, volcanic and river sequences (Drimolen, Haasgat, Koobi Fora, Chesowanja, Kilombe, Elandsfontein, Malapa, Bolt’s Farm, Cornelia, Taung, Black Earth Cave, Pinnacle Point, Langebaanweg). I have worked extensively looking at the evolution of fire use and pyrotechnology,including the origin and spread of stone tool heat treatment at sites such as Pinnacle Point in South Africa and Lake Mungo in Australia. I have also worked towards the use of magnetic methods of analysis for reconstructing fire use, environmental change and sediment infill histories on archaeological sites, most notably caves. More recently I have also begun developing the use of Ground Penetrating Radar analysis on archaeological sites.

I am also working on the dating of Plio-Pleistocene marsupial fossil sites throughout Australia (inc: Chinchilla, Parwan, Wellington Caves) using a similar multi-disciplinary approach. Other focuses of my ARC FT are a more detailed understanding of speleothem magnetism through combined palaeomagnetic and synchrotron radiation analysis, the direct dating of geomagnetic reversals, events and excursions (particularly in speleothems) and the understanding of the effects of geomagnetic field reversals on biological systems through a combined palaeomagnetic and isotopic analysis of speleothem.

The Australian Archaeomagnetism Laboratory (TAAL)

I am the head of the newly established Australian Archaeomagnetism Laboratory, one of the few magnetics laboratories in the world with a focus on the archaeological and fossil record. The labs aim is to “Outlining and promote the use of palaeomagnetic and mineral magnetic methods of analysis in archaeology, palaeontology, palaeoanthropology, geochronology, cave science and hominin evolution”. The laboratory was built as a student training and collaborative facility and is currently undertaking a range of student projects looking at:

  • Identifying the heat treatment of stone tools in the archaeological record
  • Palaeomagnetic dating of the Kilombe Acheulian site (Kenya)
  • Environmental magnetic reconstruction of lake and cave deposits in Bulgaria
  • Identifying fire use, spatial patterning and occupation intensity at Australian and South African archaeological sites ranging from caves to shell middens
  • Building an Australian Archaeomagnetic curve based on aboriginal heaths from sites such as Lake Mungo (with Nicola Stern) and Plio-Pleistocene Victorian volcanics (In collaboration with the University of Liverpool Geomagnetism Laboratory, UK). 
  • Dating of the Chinchilla marsupial fossil site (Queensland)
  • Dating of the Taung Tufas and archaeological and fossil bearing cave deposits.
  • Dating of the Drimolen hominin site
  • An archaeometric analysis of the Drimolen bone tools
  • Ground Penetrating Radar 

Australian Geoarchaeological and Palaeoanthropological Fieldschool at Drimolen (S. Africa)

In 2013 a joint field school was established at the Drimolen hominin site in South Africa between TAAL at LTU Archaeology and the Centre for Anthropological Research at the University of Johannesburg. The field school mainly caters for Australian based students but has taken students from other areas of the world. The field school runs from late June till mid July (26th-16th in 2015) and consists of excavation and survey training at Drimolen, trips to see the original hominin fossils and site in the Cradle of Humankind, a safari to see the extant local equivalents of the fossils being excavated at Drimolen and nightly lectures covering South African hominins and archaeology as well as geoarchaeological, geochronological, palaeontological and palaeoenvironmental methods, with a major focus on cave deposits. Those interested in the field school should email me.

The Apollo Bay Shell Midden Archaeology Training project (Victoria)

The Apollo Bay Archaeology Training Project is a joint initiative between the La Trobe University Department of Archaeology, Environment and Community Planning, BIOSIS, Aboriginal Affairs Victoria, Coastcare Victoria, the Apollo Bay community and traditional owners. Three field seasons have so far been undertaken at a large multi period occupation, late Holocene shell midden. The excavations serve as a training ground for students interested in indigenous Australian Archaeology and Palaeolithic Archaeology. This project has been funded by AAV, LTU and AINSE.

Research interests

Archaeological Science

- Please contact me to discuss a topic.

Archaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas

- Please contact me to discuss a topic.

Archaeology of Australia

- Please contact me to discuss a topic.

Teaching units

  • HUS3RS1 Reading Course: e.g. Palaeolithic Archaeology, Human origins, Palaeoanthropology
  • HU3RS2 Reading Course: e.g. Archaeological Science and Geoarchaeology
  • Australian Geoarchaeological and Palaeoanthropological Field School at the Drimolen hominin site (South Africa; June-July) 

Consulting

I currently work with heritage management companies such as: Vincent Clark and Associates BIOSIS Australian Cultural Heritage Management As well as: Aboriginal Affairs Victoria.

Recent publications

  1. Lawler, M., Arnold, R., Robb, K.F., Herries, A.I.R., Lovett, T., Keogh, C., Phelan, M., Falconer, S.E., Fall, P.L., Tumney, J., Stammers, R., James-Lee, T., Berelov, I. 2014. The Browns Creek Community Archaeology Project: preliminary results from the survey and excavation of a late Holocene shell midden on the Victorian coast. ESHMV vol. 3
  2. Pickering, R., Herries, A.I.R. Forthcoming. New multidisciplinary age estimates for the Sterkfontein Member 4 australopithecines. In: Richmond BG, Ward CV, Zipfel B, editors. Hominin postcranial remains from Sterkfontein, South Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  3. Fisher, E., Akkaynak, D., Harris, J.A., Herries, A.I.R., Karkanas, P., Marean, C.W., McGrath, J., Jacobs, Z. forthcoming. High-resolution, Color-Corrected, and Georectified Photomosaics of Stratigraphic Sections using 3D GIS at Pinnacle Point Site PP5-6, South Africa. J. Archaeological Science.
  4. Brack, N., Kappen, P., Herries, A.I.R., Trueman, A., Rider, A.N. 2014. Evolution of Magnetic and Structural Properties during Iron Plating of Carbon Nanotubes. J. Physical Chemistry C. 118, 13218−13227.
  5. Herries, A.I.R., Kappen, P., Kegley, A., Paterson, D., Howard, D.L., de Jonge, M.D., Potze, S., Adams, J.W. 2014. Palaeomagnetic and Synchrotron analysis of >1.95 Ma fossil bearing palaeokarst at Haasgat, Gauteng. South African J. Science. 110 (3/4; March/April) 1-12. (Funded by ARC FT120100399)
  6. Braun, D., Levin, N., Stynder, D., Herries, A.I.R., Archer, W., Forrest, F., Roberts, D., Bishop, L., Matthews, T.,  Lehmann, S.,  Pickering, R., Fitzsimmons, K. 2013. Mid-Pleistocene hominin occupation of Elandsfontein, Western Cape of South Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 82, 145-166. (Funded by ARC FT120100399)
  7. Braun, D. R., Levin, N. E., Roberts, D., Stynder, D., Forrest, F. Herries, A.I.R., Mathews, T., Bishop, L. Archer, W., Pickering, R. 2013. Initial investigations of Acheulean hominin behaviour at Elandsfontein. In "Archaeology of the West Coast of South Africa" (eds.) Jerardino, A., Malan, A., Braun , D. R. BAR International Series 2526. Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology 84: 10-23. (Funded by ARC FT120100399)
  8. Conner, S., Ross, S.A., Sobotkova, A., Herries, A.I.R., Mooney, S.D., Longford, C., Iliev, I. 2013. Environmental conditions in the SE Balkans since the Last Glacial Maximum and their influence on the spread of agriculture in Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews. 68, 20-215. (Funded by ARC LP0989901)
  9. Herries, A.I.R., Adams, J.W. 2013. Clarifying the context, dating and age range of the Gondolin hominins and Paranthropus in South Africa. J. Human Evolution. 65, 676–681. (Funded by ARC FT120100399)
  10. Herries, A.I.R., Pickering, R., Adams, J.W., Curnoe, D., Warr, G., Latham, A.G., Shaw, J. 2013. A multi-disciplinary perspective on the age of Australopithecus in southern Africa. In: Reed, K.E., Fleagle, J.G., Leakey, R. (Eds.) Paleobiology of Australopithecus: Contributions from the Fourth Stony Brook Human Evolution Symposium and Workshop, Diversity in Australopithecus: Tracking the First Bipeds. Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology series. 21-48. (Funded by ARC FT120100399)
  11. Hopley, P., Herries, A.I.R., Baker, S., Kuhn, B., Menter, C. 2013. Beyond the South African Cave Paradigm – Australopithecus africanus from the Pliocene palaeosol deposits of Taung. American J. Physical Anthropology. 151, 316-324. (Funded by ARC FT120100399)
  12. Pickering, R., Jacobs, Z., Herries, A.I.R., Karkanas, P., Bar-Matthews,  M., Woodhead, J.D., Kappen, P., Fisher, E., Marean, C.W. 2013. Paleoanthropologically Significant South African Sea Caves dated to 1.1-1.0 Million Years using a combination of U-Pb, TT-OSL and palaeomagnetism. Quaternary Science Reviews. 65, 39-52. (Funded by ARC FT120100399)
  13. Roberts, D.L., Sciscio, L., Herries, A.I.R., Scott, L., Bamford, M.K., Musekiwa, C., Tsikos, H. 2013. Miocene Fluvial Systems and Palynofloras at the Southwestern Tip of Africa: Implications for Regional and Global Fluctuations in Climate and Ecosystems. Earth Science Reviews. 124, 184-201. (Funded by ARC FT120100399)
  14. Stone, O., Laffan, S., Curnoe, D., Herries, A.I.R. 2013. The Spatial Distribution of the Habitat of the Chacma Baboon (Papio ursinus) Based on an Environmental Envelope Model. International Journal of Primatology. 34, 407-422.
  15. Ji., X. Curnoe, D., Bao, Z., Herries, A.I.R., Fink, D., Zhu. Y., Hellstrom, J., Luo, Y., Tacon, P. 2013. Further geological and palaeoanthropological investigations at the Maludong hominin site, Yunnan Province, Southwest China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 58, 4472-4485 (Funded by ARC DP0877603).
  16. Brink, J., Herries, A.I.R., Moggi-Cecchi,, J., Gowlett, J., Adams, J.W., Hancox, J., Bousman, C.B., Grün, R., Eisenmann, V., Adams, J.W., Rossouw, L. 2012. First hominine remains from  ~1 Ma bone bed at Cornelia-Uitzoek, Free State Province, South Africa. J. Human Evolution. 63, 527-535.
  17. Curnoe, D., Xueping, J., Herries, A.I.R., Kanning, B., Taçon, P.S.C., Zhende, B., Fink, D., Zhende, B., Fink, D., Yunsheng, Z., Hellstrom, J., Yun, L., Wroe, S., Bing, S., Parr, W.C.H., Shengmin, H., Cassis, G., Rogers, N. accepted Jan 2012. Human remains from the Pleistocene-Holocene transition of southwest China suggest a complex evolutionary history for East Asians. Plos One. 7(3): e31918. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031918. (Funded by ARC DP0877603)
  18. Cochrane, G.W.G., Habgood, P.J., Doelman, T., Herries, A.I.R., Webb, J. 2012. A Progress Report on Research into the Stone Artefacts of the Southern Arcadia Valley, Central Queensland. Australian Archaeology 75 104-109.
  19. Stone, O., Laffan, S., Curnoe, D.,Rushworth, I. Herries, A.I.R.2012. Distribution and population estimate for the Chacma Baboon (Papio ursinus) in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Primates 53, 337-344.37
  20. Herries, A.I.R. 2012. Makapansgat: Three Million Years of Human Evolution. In MacKinnon, A. and MacKinnon, E. (Eds) Places of Encounter: Time, place and connectivity in world history. Volume 1: to 1600. Westview Press.  Buy on Amazon 
  21. Taçon, P.S.C., Aubert, M., Gang, L., Decong, Y., Hong, Y., May, S.K., Fallon, S., Xueping, J., Curnoe, D., Herries, A.I.R. 2012. First uranium-series minimum and maximum age estimates for rock art in China. J. Archaeological Science. 39, 492-499. (Funded by ARC DP0877603)
  22. Pickering, R., Dirks, P., Jinnah, Z.,de Ruiter, D.J, Churchill, S.E., Herries, A.I.R., Woodhead, J., Hellstrom, J., Berger, L.R. 2011. Australopithecus sediba at 1.977 Ma and implications for the origins of the genus Homo. Science. 333; 1421-1423.
  23. Herries, A.I.R.2011. A chronological perspective on the Acheulian and its transition to the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa: the question of the Fauresmith. International Journal of Evolutionary Biology Key Evolutionary Transformations in Homo sapiens. Volume 2011, ID 961401, 25pp doi: 10.4061/2011/961401.
  24. Herries, A.I.R., Shaw, J. 2011. Palaeomagnetic analysis of the Sterkfontein palaeocave deposits; age implications for the hominin fossils and stone tool industries. J. Human Evolution 60, 523-539.
  25. Roberts, D. Matthews, T., Herries, A.I.R., Boulter, C., Scott, L., Dondo, C., Ntembi, P., Browning, C., Smith, R., Haarhoff, P. 2011. Regional and Global Palaeoenvironmental and Sea Level Context of the Late Cenozoic Langebaanweg (LBW) Palaeontological Site: West Coast of South Africa. Earth Science Reviews. 106: 191-214.
  26. Matthews, T., Rector, A., Jacobs, Z., Herries, A.I.R., Marean., C. 2011. Environmental implications of micromammals accumulated close to the MIS 6 to MIS 5 transition at Pinnacle Point Cave 9, southern Cape coast, South Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 302, 213-229.
  27. Herries, A.I.R., Hopley, P., Adams, J., Curnoe, D., Maslin, M. 2010. Geochronology and palaeoenvironments of the South African early hominin bearing sites. Am. J. Phys. Anthrop. 143, 640–646.
  28. Herries, A.I.R., Fisher, E., 2010. Multi-dimensional modelling of magnetic mineralogy as a proxy for fire use and spatial patterning: evidence from the Middle Stone Age sea cave site of Pinnacle Point 13B (Western Cape, South Africa). J. Human Evolution 59, 306-320.
  29. Adams, J.W., Herries, A.I.R., Hemingway, J., Kegly, A., Kgazi, L., Hopley, P., Reede, H., Potze, S., Thackeray, F., 2010. Initial fossil discoveries from Hoogland, a new Pliocene primate-bearing karstic system in Gauteng Province, South Africa, South Africa. J. Hum Evol.. 59, 685-691.
  30. Marean, C.W., Bar-Matthews, M., Fisher, E., Goldberg, P. Herries, A.I.R. Karkanas, P., Nilssen, P., Thompson E., 2010. The stratigraphy of the Middle Stone Age sediments at Pinnacle Point Cave 13B (Mossel Bay, Western Cape Province, South Africa). J. Human Evol.. 59, 234-255.
  31. Bar-Matthews, M., Marean, C.W., Jacobs, Z., Karkanas, P., Fisher, E., Herries, A.I.R., Brown, K., Williams, H.M., Bernatchez, J., Ayalon, A., Nilssen, P. 2010. A high resolution and continuous isotopic speleothem record of paleoclimate and paleoenvironment from 90-53 ka from Pinnacle Point on the south coast of South Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews. 29, 2131-2145.
  32. Braun, D.R., Harris, J.W.K., Levin, N.E., McCoy, J.T., Herries, A.I.R., Bamford, M., Bishop, L., Richmond, B.R., Kibunjia, M., 2010. Early hominin diet included diverse terrestrial and aquatic animals 1.95 Ma ago in East Turkana, Kenya.  PNAS. 107, 10002-10007.
  33. Dirks, P.H.D.M., Kibii, J.N., Kuhn, B.F., Steininger, C., Churchill, S.E., Kramers, J.D., Pickering, R., Farber, D.L., Mériaux, S-A., Herries, A.I.R., King, G.C.P., Berger, L.R. 2010. Geological setting and age of Australopithecus sediba from southern Africa. Science 328, 205-208.
  34. Taçon, P.S.C, Gang, L., Decong, Y., May, S.K., Hong, L., Aubert, M., Xueping, J., Curnoe, D., Herries, A.I.R. 2010. Naturalism and style in Jinsha River rock art, China and the Magdalenian art of Europe: creative cognates or curious coincidence? Cambridge Archaeology Journal 20, 1, 67-86. (Funded by ARC DP0877603)
  35. Brown, K.S., Marean, C.W., Herries, A.I.R., Jacobs, Z., Tribolo, C., Braun, D., Roberts, D.L., Meyer, M.C., Bernatchez, J., 2009. Fire as an Engineering Tool of Early Modern Humans. Science 325, 859-862.
  36. Herries, A.I.R., Curnoe, D. Adams, J.W. 2009. A multi-disciplinary seriation of early Homo and Paranthropus bearing palaeocaves in southern Africa. Quaternary International 202, 14-28.
  37. Herries, A.I.R2009. New approaches for integrating palaeomagnetic and mineral magnetic methods to answer archaeological and geological questions on Stone Age sites. In Fairbrain, A., O’Conner, S., Marwick, B. (Eds.) Terra Australis 28 - New Directions in Archaeological Science.The Australian National University Press, Canberra, Australia. Chapter 16: 235-253.
  38. Herries, A.I.R., Latham, A.G. 2009. Chapter 5: Archaeomagnetic studies at the Cave of Hearths. In: McNabb, J., Sinclair, A.G.M. (Eds.) The Cave of Hearths: Makapan Middle Pleistocene Research Project. University of Southampton series in archaeology (Archaeopress; Oxford), 1: 59-64.
  39. Latham, A.G., Herries, A.I.R. 2009. Chapter 4. The formation and sedimentary infilling of the Cave of Hearths and Historic Cave Complex. In: McNabb, J., Sinclair, A.G.M. (Eds.) The Cave of Hearths: Makapan Middle Pleistocene Research Project. University of Southampton series in archaeology (Archaeopress; Oxford),1: 49-58.
  40. Herries, A.I.R., Kovacheva, M., Kostadinova, M., 2008. Mineral magnetism and archaeomagnetic dating of a mediaeval oven from Zlatna Livada, Bulgaria. Physics Chem. Earth. A/B/C. 33, 496-510.
  41. Marean, C.W., Bar-Matthews, M, Bernatchez, J., Fisher, E., Goldberg, P., Herries, A.I.R., Jacobs, Z., Jerardino, A., Karkanas, P., Minichillo, T., Nilssen, P.J., Thompson, E., Watts, I., Williams, H.W. 2007. Early Human use of marine resources and pigment in South Africa during the Middle Pleistocene. Nature. 449, 905-908.
  42. Herries, A.I.R., Kovacheva, M., Kostadinova, M., Shaw, J., 2007. Archaeo-directional and -intensity data from burnt structures at the Thracian site of Halka Bunar (Bulgaria): The effect of magnetic mineralogy, temperature and atmosphere of heating in antiquity. Phys. Earth. Planet. Interiors. 162, 199-216.
  43. Adams, J.W., Herries, A.I.R., Conroy, G.C., Kuykendall, K.L., 2007. Taphonomy of a South African cave: geological and hydrological influences on the GD 1 fossil assemblage at Gondolin, a Plio-Pleistocene paleocave system in the Northwest Province, South Africa. Quat. Sci. Revs. 26, 2526-2543.
  44. Hopley, P.J., Marshall, J.D., Weedon, G.P., Latham, A.G., Herries, A.I.R., Kuykendall, K.L., 2007. Orbital forcing and the spread of C4 grasses in the late Neogene: stable isotope evidence from South African speleothems. J. Hum. Evolution. 53, 620-634.
  45. Hopley, P.J., Weedon, G.P., Marshall, J.D., Herries, A.I.R., Latham, A.G., Kuykendall, K.L., 2007. High- and low-latitude orbital forcing of early hominin habitats. Earth Planet. Sci. Letts. 256, 419-432.
  46. Herries, A.I.R., Kovacheva, M., 2007. Using Archaeomagnetism to Answer Archaeological Questions about Burnt Structures at the Thracian Site of Halka Bunar, Bulgaria. Archaeologia Bulgarica 11. 2007/3, 25-46.
  47. Herries, A.I.R., Adams, J.W., Kuykendall, K.L., Shaw, J., 2006. Speleology and magnetobiostratigraphic chronology of the GD 2 locality of the Gondolin hominin-bearing paleocave deposits, North West Province, South Africa. J. Hum. Evol. 51, 617-631.
  48. Herries, A.I.R., Reed, K., Kuykendall, K.L., Latham, A.G., 2006. Speleology and Magnetobiostratigraphic chronology of the Buffalo Cave fossil bearing palaeodeposits, Makapansgat, South Africa. Quaternary Research. 66, 233-245.
  49. Herries, A.I.R., 2006. Archaeomagnetic evidence for climate change at Sibudu Cave. Southern African Humanities. 18, 131-147.
  50. Curnoe, D., Herries, A.I.R., Brink, J, Hopley, P., Van Reynveld, K, Henderson, Z., Morris, D., 2006. Discovery of Middle Pleistocene fossil and stone tool-bearing deposits at Groot Kloof, Ghaap Escarpment, Northern Cape Province. South African J. Science. 102, 180-184.

Older publications

  1. Latham, A.G., Herries. A.I.R., 2004. The formation and sedimentary infilling of the Cave of Hearths and Historic Cave Complex. Geoarchaeology 19, 323-342.
  2. Herries, A.I.R., Latham, A.G., 2003. `Environmental Archaeomagnetism’: evidence for climatic change during the later Stone Age using the magnetic susceptibility of cave sediments from Rose Cottage Cave, South Africa.  pp 25-35 in P. Mitchell, Haour, A and Hobart, J (Eds) Researching Africa’s Past: New contributions from British Archaeologists. Oxford University School of Archaeology Monograph 57. Oxford UK.
  3. Latham, A.G., Herries, A.I.R., Kuykendall, K., 2003. The formation and sedimentary infilling of the Limeworks Cave, Makapansgat, South Africa.  Palaeontologia Africana. 39, 69-82.
  4. Lacruz, R.S, Brink, J.S., Hancox, J., Skinner, A.S., Herries, A., Schmidt, P., Berger, L.R., 2002. Palaeontology, geological context and palaeoenvironmental implications of a Middle Pleistocene faunal assemblage from the Gladysvale Cave, South Africa. Palaeontologia Africana. 38, 99-114.
  5. Latham, A.G., Herries, A.I.R., Sinclair, A.G.M., Kuykendall, K., 2002. Re-examination of the lower stratigraphy in the classic section, Limeworks site, Makapansgat, South Africa. Human Evolution 17, 207-214.
  6. Latham, A.G, Herries. A, Quinney, P, Sinclair, A, Kuykendall, K, 1999. The Makapansgat Australopithecine Site from a Speleological Perspective. In: Pollard, A.M., (Ed.) Geoarchaeology: exploration, environments, resources. Royal Geological Society, London. Special Publications. 165, 61-77

Research projects

  1. Drimolen (S. Africa): 2.0-1.4 Ma hominin and Palaeolithic cave. Excavations and Field School with Colin Menter (University of Johannesburg; S. Africa).
  2. Haasgat (S. Africa): ~2 Ma primate fossil site. With Justin Adams (Monash University, Australia).
  3. Bolt’s Farm (S. Africa): Plio-Pleistocene fossil site. With Stephanie Potze (Distsong National Museum of Natural History, S. Africa) and Dominique Gommery (CNRS, France).
  4. Taung (S. Africa): Excavation of a series of Pliocene and Pleistocene fossil and archaeological sites including the Taung Chid type site, Equus Cave and Black Earth Cave; With Brian Kuhn and Matt Caruana (University of the Witwatersrand, S. Africa).
  5. Cornelia-Uitzoek (S. Africa); Excavations of a hominin and Acheulian bearing landscape in the Free State. With James Brink (National Museum,Bloemfontein).
  6. Elandsfontein (S. Africa) Excavations of a hominin and Acheulian bearing landscape on the western Cape coast. With Naomi Levin (John Hopkins University, US) and David Braun (George Washington University, US)
  7. Pinnacle Point (S. Africa). Excavation of a series of early MSA sites on the southern Cape coast. With Curtis Marean (Arizona State University).
  8. Kilombe (Kenya) Geochronology of an Acheulian landscape in the Central Rift. With John Gowlett (University of Liverpool).
  9. Koobi Fora (Kenya) Geochronology of an Oldowan, Acheulian and hominin landscape on the shore of Lake Turkana. With David Braun (George Washington University, US).
  10. Chinchilla (Australia). Geochronology and excavation of a Pliocene marsupial site on the Darling Down, Queensland. With Julien Louys (Australian National University) and Gilbert Price (University of Queensland)
  11. Archaeomagnetic and Pyrotechnological studies at Lake Mungo, NSW (Australia); With Nicola Stern (La Trobe University).
  12. Browns Creek (Australia).Excavation of a shell midden near Apollo Bay, Victoria. With BIOSIS and Aboriginal Affairs Victoria.
  13. Ulco (S. Africa). Excavations and dating of a series of Later Stone Age rock shelters and tufa flows along the Ghaap Plateau escarpment, Northern Cape.
  14. Ubeidiya (Israel). Geochronology of this early Acheulian site in northern Israel. With Miriam Belmaker (University of Tulsa, US).
  15.  Varsche River (S. Africa).Phyrotechnology in the Middle stone age of the western Cape. With Terresa Steele (University of California at Davis, US) and Alex Mackay (University of Wollongong, Australia). 
  16. Marsupial Fossil sites of eastern Victoria (Australia). Geochronology of marsupial fossil sites in eastern Victoria. With Gavin Prideaux (Flinders University).
  17. Wellington Caves fossil sites (Australia). Geochronology of Pliocene and Pleistocene marsupial fossil sites near Wellington, NSW. With Armstrong Osborne (University of Sydney, Australia)
  18. Palaeomagnetic analysis of Pliocene to Pleistocene volcanics in Victoria (Australia). With University of Melbourne,  Earth Science.
  19. Archaeomagnetic analysis of aboriginal hearths in Victoria (Australia). With BIOSIS and Vincent Clark & Associates.
  20. Synchrotron Analysis of iron in speleothems. With Peter Kappen (Australian Synchrotron).