Issue 11 - October 2014

In this issue

  • PhD completion
  • Sport in Regional Australia - Conference. BOOK NOW
  • Research updates
  • Conference
  • Sport Unpacked
  • Recent publications

PhD completion

Dr Erica Randle graduated on Thursday 16 October with her thesis 'Regulating Commercial Tourism in Victorian National Parks.'

Supervisor

Professor Russell Hoye

Thesis summary

In 2013, the Victorian Government passed legislation to allow commercial tourism operators to invest and build tourism infrastructure within National Park borders. This thesis explored stakeholder opinions of this change and the regulatory efficacy of strategies which control commercial tourism in National Parks.


Conference announcements

Sport in Regional Australia Industry Conference: Meeting Future Challenges

10-11 November 2014, Capital Theatre, Bendigo

The Sport in Regional Australia conference is dedicated to examining important sport performance, management and development issues within the context of the challenges and opportunities faced by regional and rural Australia

Highlights

  • Keynote speaker day 1: Bernard Salt, world leading demographer at KPMG
  • Keynote speaker day 2: Ric Charlesworth, Australian Master Coach
  • Panel sessions and workshops dedicated to exploring key issues relevant to sport in regional and rural Australia
  • All-inclusive early bird price of $280 available till 30 September
  • A pair of PEAK F'lites sport shoes valued at $119 included with every registration
  • Cocktail networking function at the Bendigo Art Gallery to end day 1

Delegates

This conference is ideal for people working or volunteering in:

  • National sport organisations
  • State sport associations
  • Regional sport assemblies
  • Local governments
  • Sport academies
  • Sport leagues and associations
  • Sport clubs
  • Sport facilities
  • Coaching roles.

Be sure to register early so you don't miss this opportunity. Pass this information on to colleagues and others either working or interested in sport in regional Australia.

Learn more.

European Academy of Management Conference - Knowledge, Learning, and Innovation Track

17-20 June 2015, Poland 

Call for papers and symposia

This track intends to address research on the intersection of organizational knowledge, learning, and innovation.

Key words

Organizational knowledge; Innovation; Knowledge intensive firms; Organizational learning; Ambidexterity.

Organisers

  • Nina Katrin Hansen (University of Hamburg)
  • Yvonne Van Rossenberg (Aarhus University)
  • Juani Swart (University of Bath)
  • Vanessa Ratten (La Trobe University, Australia)
  • Anders Örtenblad (University of Nordland, Norway)
  • Hong Bui (University of Southampton, United Kingdom)
  • Valeria Stulova (Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia)
  • Mait Rungi (Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia)

Learn more.


Research updates

The value of a community football club

Researchers

Prof. Russell Hoye, Dr. Erica Randle, Assoc Prof Matthew Nicholson and Tom Clement

Abstract

In 2014, the Centre for Sport and Social Impact (CSSI) at La Trobe University was commissioned by AFL Victoria to determine the social value of a "typical" community football club; specifically its social, health and community impact.

The research design comprised two stages:

  1. conducting nine case studies on the activities and outcomes of football clubs in various locations across Victoria developed through 110 in-depth interviews with club and community members
  2. a survey sent to all members of AFL Victoria football clubs across the state examining individual health, well-being, trust and social connectedness.

Based on the analysis of nine detailed case studies and the survey results, it is clear that football clubs, whether they are in metropolitan, regional or rural areas of Victoria, are significant social, cultural and financial enterprises that are sustained by committed individuals and the communities in which they are located.

According to football and community stakeholders, football clubs deliver social, health and community benefits to individual participants and to their collective communities.

If football clubs cease to exist, communities, particularly rural or regional areas, would lose a significant social institution. Importantly, this research has found that it does not matter where you live, how long or how often you are involved in a football club, or what role you have (player, coach, volunteer, supporter) in the club, to experience greater social connectedness, wellbeing and self-reported physical and mental health.

This report will be launched shortly by AFL Victoria.

The role of sporting clubs in influencing healthy eating behaviours

Key words

Health promotion, healthy eating attitudes and behaviours, community sport clubs, healthy sporting environments

Abstract

Sport clubs have been seen as vehicles for a range of health messaging by agencies such as VicHealth, the Heart Foundation, the Anti-Cancer Council in areas such as skin cancer awareness, reducing tobacco use, reducing alcohol consumption and for the promotion of healthy eating. However, little is known about the capacity of sport clubs to effectively engage in these campaigns or the appetite and interest amongst club members to adopt positive behavioural changes.

This project will identify:

  • the current profile of food options available within a sample of community sport clubs
  • the current attitudes of community sport club members to engage in healthy-eating program
  • the current capacity of community sport clubs to engage in programs focused on delivering healthy eating outcomes; and
  • specific policies and strategies that could be used to assist community sport clubs to provide a healthier eating environment.

Research objectives and likely significance to stakeholders

This project is exploring the potential role and capacity of community sport clubs, a primary site for engagement in sport, in influencing healthy eating behaviours. By looking at the current policies, education strategies, club level support elements and monitoring systems in place, the outcomes of this research will directly influence future policy and practice in this area.

Researchers

Funding sources / sponsors

La Trobe University - Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Research Focus Area

Fear responses in athletes: measurement of explicit and implicit fear

Key words

Fear of injury, return to sport, sport participation, intervention plan, rehabilitation

Abstract

This research project is a test of concept on the connection between psychological factors and responses to accidents and injuries in sport's participants. Fear and stress have been shown to result in poorer rehabilitation, reluctance to return to sporting activities and inability to achieve previous levels of performance. Many athletes, whether they are engaging in sport at a professional or amateur level, engage in activities that expose them to physical risk. Thisproject will also determine whether the level of risk in sport is associated with patterns on fear responses in a laboratory induced fear task related to sport injury. This proposed study is innovative in extending existing research by addressing the issue of, not only explicit fear, but also implicit fear (below conscious awareness),in athletes.

Research objectives and likely significance to stakeholders

This research will inform a larger project where reactions on explicit and implicit fear will be used to predict athletes' recoveries after traumatic accidents with the aim to develop innovative interventions to enable athletes to recover more effectively from injury.

Researchers

Funding sources/sponsors

La Trobe University - Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Research Focus Area

Sport and physical activity participation among young people in regional Victoria

Key words

Physical activity, sport participation, rural young people, regional Victoria

Abstract

This project will address an important evidence gap regarding accurate surveillance and correlates of activity in young people (aged 16-18) living in regional settings. Given recent reports that regional residents generally and adolescents in particular are decreasing in their physical activity, it is imperative to develop appealing social marketing strategies to boost participation. Doing so requires a hook and the baseline data provided by this project will enable the design of interventions that use market segmentation by psychographics. This project will also allow analyses that demonstrate the current benefits of participation on those already involved through comparisons with those not involved.

Research objectives and likely significance to stakeholders

The overall aim of this research project is to increase the number of young people (aged 16–18) participating in sport, physical activity and active recreation in regional Victoria. This overall aim will be achieved by addressing three main research objectives:

  • identify the barriers and facilitators to participating in sport, physical activity and active recreation for young people (aged 16-18)
  • identify the sport, physical activity and active recreation correlates that could be used to inform interventions by sport, physical activity and active recreation providers
  • identify whether there are specific differences between definable groups (e.g. males and females and relative disadvantage) in relation to the first two research objectives and what impact this has for the provision of sport, physical activity and active recreation.

Researchers' names and email contact details

Funding sources / sponsors

La Trobe University - Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation. Research Focus Area

Using smart technology to prevent multiple sports injuries in athletes

Key words

ACL reconstruction, neuromuscular rehabilitation program, smart technologies, sport injury prevention

Abstract

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is one of the most common sport related injuries that typically requires surgical reconstruction to enable the athlete to return to sport. We have recently conducted a large follow-up study of 750 athletes who underwent ACL reconstruction surgery to investigate re-injury rates and factors associated with re-injury. This showed that one in every three athletes who were under 20 years of age at the time of surgery went on to have a further ACL injury within five years. This is an unacceptably high rate. Multiple serious knee injuries such as this will lead to a major cause of disability in young people who would otherwise expect to be active. Rates of osteoarthritis after ACL injury are as high as 80%, it is therefore imperative that efforts are made to reduce the number of serious knee injuries in these young athletes. We have developed a protocol which enables neuromuscular function to be measured in the clinical setting at a low cost. The neuromuscular assessment will require the use of smart technologies to optimise rehabilitation outcomes following ACL reconstruction surgery.

Research objectives and likely significance to stakeholders

The overall aims of the project are to:

  • better understand how neuromuscular deficits contribute to the high re-injury rate in young athletes who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery and,
  • to evaluate the effectiveness of a neuromuscular rehabilitation program specifically designed using smart technologies to prevent re-injury in these young athletes.

The intervention part of this project focuses on optimising recovery rates and outcomes for people receiving rehabilitation, including those with sport and exercise related injuries.

Researchers

Funding sources / sponsors

La Trobe University - Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation. Research Focus Area

Be prepared! Sport and active recreation programs for people with a disability: new resource to support people with disabilities

Key words

Participation, sport, disability, recreation

Abstract

Sport and active recreation programs provide unique opportunities for people with disabilities to explore their potential and focus on their ability. A website and free resource guide has been prepared for volunteers and staff who play an important role in the provision of quality sport and recreation experiences for people with disabilities. Divided into six sections the resource provides:

  • an overview of programming options and philosophies that drive the delivery of sport and active recreation programs for people with disabilities in Victoria
  • an outline of skills required to work and volunteer in this field and the various responsibilities leaders will experience
  • generic volunteer and staff management issues
  • a summary of the major disabilities that most leaders will encounter. For each disability there is a brief explanation of the causes and issues associated with having the disability and some information on programming constraints and other issues
  • a list of activities and resources available, and
  • volunteer management for staff as well as further information sources and reference information.

This new resource was launched by the Honourable Sport and Recreation Minister Damian Drum, (Victoria) on 1 July 2014. View resource.

Research objectives and likely significance to stakeholders

Specifically tailored to those who are involved in facilitating sport and active recreation experiences for people with disabilities, the kit and website can also be used for training programs, with the added benefit of being an ongoing resource and reference guide for volunteers and staff.

Researchers

Web address for downloads

www.latrobe.edu.au/disability-resource

Funding sources / sponsors

Sport and Recreation Victoria

Additional notes and comments

This resource was written by Pam Kappelides with a project editorial committee from People Outdoors, Yooralla, City of Knox, Eurobodalla Shire, YMCA Victoria and Sport and Recreation Victoria.

One netball pacific: program development and evaluation

Key words

Sport, netball, Pacific Islands, health, women, leadership

Abstract

This evaluation seeks to identify how the Netball Australia program, in partnership with the national netball organisations in each country, are working towards achieving their goals to develop capacity for netball, reduce non-communicable diseases in the community and develop women's leadership capacity. Research has been undertaken in 2014 with national netball federations in Vanuatu, Cook Islands, Papua New Guinea, Tonga and Samoa. This project is funded for 2014-2017 in partnership with Netball Australia.

Research objectives and likely significance to stakeholders

  • Netball will help more women be more physically active and provide women with education on health behaviours and provide positive role models to younger girls
  • Netball will create a supportive environment where girls and women can develop decision making and leadership skills and experience

Researchers' names and email contact details

Funding sources / sponsors

Netball Australia and AusAid/Australian Sports  Commission

Additional notes and comments

Data collection has been completed for 2014, with initial findings noting that netball participation has increased in all five Pacific nations, and the capacity of the national federations and their member associations has increased with greater governance, coaching and officiating opportunities for women in the community.

Alcohol culture in Victorian football

Key words

Alcohol, Community, Football, Culture, Attitudes

Abstract

As part of AFL Victoria's 'Alcohol Strategy, 2012-2014', AFL Victoria aims to 'facilitate cultural change in relation to excessive drinking and reduce alcohol-related harms'. As such, AFL Victoria has sought to investigate its 'alcohol culture' in 2013 and 2014. In doing so it seeks to establish a benchmark that can be used to track culture change within AFL Victoria and its constituent leagues. La Trobe University's Centre for Sport and Social Impact (CSSI) has been commissioned by AFL Victoria since 2010 to conduct a series of evaluations of the AFL Victoria alcohol policy trial, which has involved selected leagues adopting mid-strength, light or no alcohol policies during the finals series or grand final day. In addition, the CSSI has conducted the evaluation of the Golden Square Football Club trial, in which the club based in the Bendigo Football League sold only mid-strength beer from 12noon until 5pm on game days. This benchmarking and longitudinal research into AFL Victoria's 'alcohol culture' utilises 5 sources of data from five bespoke surveys: spectators and players; club committee members; umpires; League staff and board members; AFL Victoria staff, for the purpose of assessing the cultural change within AFL Victoria, as per the 'Alcohol Strategy, 2012-2014'. The research has been conducted in 2013 and 2014 across all Victorian senior football leagues.

Research objectives and likely significance to stakeholders

To investigate the Victorian football 'alcohol culture' in 2013 and in doing establish a benchmark that can be used to track culture change within AFL Victoria and its constituent leagues.

Researchers' names and email contact details

Funding sources / sponsors

AFL Victoria


Recent publications

Book

International Triathlon Union, Mind, Body, Soul – 25 Years of the International Triathlon Union

Merryn Sherwood worked with the International Triathlon Union to write and edit a commemorative book to celebrate 25 years of the International Federation for triathlon. 'Mind, Body, Soul - 25 Years of the International Triathlon Union,' was a limited edition release presented at the inaugural ITU Hall of Fame event in Edmonton in September.

Journal editing

Ratten, V and Madichie, N., have just finished guest editing a 'Sports Marketing and Management special issue of Marketing Intelligence and Planning (2014)  (ABCD A journal)

Journal articles

Aisbett, L. & Hoye, R., 'The Nature of Perceived Organizational Support for Sport Event Volunteers, 18/3, Event Management, (2014) 337–356

Ratten, V., 'Behavioral intentions to adopt technological innovations: The role of trust, innovation and performance', International Journal of Enterprise Information Systems, 10/3 (2014) 1-13. (ABCD C journal)


Media

Liam Lenten

  • 'Adjusting the Count Makes the Hawks AFL Winners', Australian Financial Review, 30 September 2014, 55
  • Radio Interview: ABC Perth (with Geoff Hutchison, Breakfast), 30 September 2014

Contact us

For further inquiries or suggestions, please contact:

Professor Russell Hoye

Director CSSI

Faculty of Business, Economics and Law | La Trobe University | Bundoora, Vic 3086

T: +61 (0) 3 9479 1345 |  E: r.hoye@latrobe.edu.au